Persian Literature Timeline

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  • c. 522 BCE
    Behistun Inscription of Darius I; considered the first example of Persian literature.
  • 330 BCE
    Literature of the Achaemenid Empire lost in its conquest by Alexander the Great and the burning of library of Persepolis.
  • 224 CE - 651 CE
    Middle Persian dialect in use during the period of the Sassanian Empire; written literature develops in response to religious texts.
  • 651 CE
    Sassanian Empire falls to invading Muslim Arabs; Zoroastrian texts and Sassanian literary works destroyed.
  • 750 CE - 1258 CE
  • 819 CE - 999 CE
    Persian literature flourishes under the Samanid Dynasty which encourages some its greatest poets.
  • 859 CE - c. 940 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Rudaki, "the father of Persian Literature".
  • c. 935 CE - 977 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Daqiqi who makes first attempt at writing the Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings.
  • c. 940 CE - 1020 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Ferdowsi, author of the literary masterpiece Shahnameh, The Persian Book of Kings.
  • 1048 CE - 1131 CE
    Life of the Persian mathematician, scientist, scholar, and poet Omar Khayyam.
  • 1080 CE - c. 1131 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Sanai, author of The Walled Garden of Truth.
  • c. 1141 CE - 1209 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Nizami.
  • c. 1145 CE - c. 1220 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Attar.
  • 1207 CE - 1273 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Rumi, considered one of the greatest literary artists in the world.
  • 1210 CE - c. 1291 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Saadi.
  • 1315 CE - 1390 CE
    Life of the Persian poet Hafiz Shiraz, considered the greatest Persian poet and among the greatest in the world.