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1566 CE: James Stuart, son of Mary, Queen of Scots and future King James VI of Scotland and James I of England, is born in Edinburgh Castle.
1567 CE: James VI of Scotland becomes king following the abdication of his mother, Mary, Queen of Scots.
1567 CE: Coronation of James VI of Scotland at Stirling.
1568 CE: Elizabeth I of England confines the exiled Mary, Queen of Scots.
1568 CE: Mary, Queen of Scots flees Scotland and seeks sanctuary in England.
1582 CE: King James VI of Scotland is abducted by Protestant English lords in the Raid of Ruthven.
1586 CE: The Treaty of Berwick, a peace treaty, is signed between England and Scotland.
1586 CE: Mary, Queen of Scots is tried and, found guilty of plotting against Elizabeth I of England, is condemned to death.
1587 CE: Mary, Queen of Scots, guilty of plotting against Elizabeth I of England, is executed.
1589 CE: James VI of Scotland marries Anne of Denmark.
1594 CE: Birth of Henry, eldest son of James VI of Scotland.
1596 CE: Birth of Elizabeth, daughter of King James VI of Scotland.
1598 CE: James VI of Scotland writes his 'The True Law of Free Monarchies' on the divine right of kings.
1599 CE: James VI of Scotland writes his 'Basilikon Doron'
on the divine right of kings.
1600 CE: Birth of Charles, second son of James VI of Scotland and the future Charles I of England.
1603 CE - 1616 CE: Sir Walter Raleigh is imprisoned in the Tower of London on charges of treason against James I of England.
1603 CE - 1625 CE: Reign of James I of England (who was also James VI of Scotland).
1603 CE: Elizabeth I of England, aged 69, dies of ill health at Richmond Palace.
1603 CE: The Union Jack flag is created for British ships, it combines the flags of England and Scotland.
1603 CE: Coronation of James VI of Scotland as King James I of England in Westminster Abbey.
1603 CE: James I of England (also James VI of Scotland) proclaims himself the ‘King of Great Britain’.
1604 CE: A peace treaty is signed in London between England and Spain.
1605 CE: The Gunpowder Plot is foiled, an attempt by pro-Catholic conspirators to blow up the English Parliament.
1606 CE: The Gunpowder Plot conspirators are put on trial at Westminster Hall and found guilty of treason.
1606 CE: The Gunowder Plot conspirators, including Guy Fawkes, are executed in London.
1607 CE: Jamestown Colony of Virginia founded.
1608 CE: James I of England approves the establishment of plantations owned by English Protestant colonists in Ireland.
1611 CE: The King James Bible, a new version produced by a team of nearly 50 scholars, is published.
1612 CE: Herny, eldest son of James I of England, dies of typhoid.
1617 CE: James I of England (also James VI of Scotland) makes his only visit to Scotland during his reign south of the border.
1617 CE: James I of England makes George Villiers, a very minor noble, the Earl of Buckingham.
1619 CE: Death of Anne, wife of King James I of England.
1620 CE: The Mayflower lands in the region of modern-day Massachusetts, North America, bringing the pilgrims to the New World.
1625 CE: James I of England dies, probably of a stroke, at Theobalds Park in Hertfordshire.