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50 Impressionist Paintings that Changed Art Forever
Image Gallery

50 Impressionist Paintings that Changed Art Forever

From the 1860s, a group of young avant-garde artists in Paris forged an entirely new style of painting, one that came to be known as impressionism...
Columbian Exchange
Definition

Columbian Exchange

The Columbian exchange is a term coined by Alfred Crosby Jr. in 1972 that is traditionally defined as the transfer of plants, animals, and diseases...
The Paris Impressionist Exhibitions, 1874-86
Article

The Paris Impressionist Exhibitions, 1874-86

The impressionist exhibitions in Paris through the final quarter of the 19th century were organised by a group of avant-garde artists who struggled...
Great Fear
Definition

Great Fear

The Great Fear (French: la Grande Peur) was a wave of panic that swept the French countryside in late July and early August 1789. Fearful of plots by...
Gustave Caillebotte: A Gallery of 30 Paintings
Image Gallery

Gustave Caillebotte: A Gallery of 30 Paintings

In this gallery, we showcase 30 paintings by Gustave Caillebotte (1848-1894), the French impressionist painter. The selection here is presented in chronological...
Taifa
Definition

Taifa

Taifas ("factions" or "camps") were small independent Muslim kingdoms and principalities that emerged after the fall of hegemonic Muslim caliphates...
Gustave Caillebotte
Definition

Gustave Caillebotte

Gustave Caillebotte (1848-1894) was a French impressionist painter noted for his draughtsmanship and flair for capturing perspective. He was particularly...
Persian Rose-and-Nightingale Paintings
Definition

Persian Rose-and-Nightingale Paintings

Rose-and-nightingale paintings and patterns (gul-u-bulbul) are a subtheme of the bird-flower (gul-u-morḡ) genre in Persian art. Bird-and-flower paintings...
Crucifixion
Definition

Crucifixion

Crucifixion as a punishment was practiced by several ancient cultures, but most notably adopted by the Roman Republic and later Roman Empire. Crucifixion...
Pierre-Auguste Renoir: A Gallery of 30 Paintings
Image Gallery

Pierre-Auguste Renoir: A Gallery of 30 Paintings

In this gallery, we showcase 30 paintings by Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919), the French impressionist painter. The selection here is presented in...
Pierre-Auguste Renoir
Definition

Pierre-Auguste Renoir

Pierre-Auguste Renoir (1841-1919) was a French impressionist painter. Capable of painting in many different styles, even in the same painting, Renoir...
Legions of Late Antiquity
Article

Legions of Late Antiquity

The Roman army underwent dramatic changes in Late Antiquity. Civil war and external conflicts led to the creation of new legions while existing legions...
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