Hellenistic Period Timeline

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  • c. 402 BCE - 318 BCE
    Life of Athenian statesman and general Phocion.
  • 330 BCE - 64 BCE
    Hellenistic Period in Byblos.
  • c. 325 BCE - c. 320 BCE
    Greek rule in Gandhara, ending some time after the death of Alexander the Great.
  • 323 BCE
    Death of Alexander the Great, beginning of The Hellenistic Period / The Hellenistic World.
  • 322 BCE - 320 BCE
    First Successor War between Alexander's successors.
  • 319 BCE - 315 BCE
    Second Successor War between Alexander's successors.
  • 314 BCE - 311 BCE
    Third Successor War between Alexander's successors.
  • 312 BCE
    Seleucos conquers Babylon and founds the Seleucid dynasty.
  • c. 312 BCE - 63 BCE
    Duration of the Seleucid Empire.
  • 310 BCE
    Assassination of Roxanne and Alexander IV, wife and son of Alexander the Great.
  • 309 BCE - 308 BCE
    Agathocles of Syracuse successfuly campaigns in North Africa defeating Carthaginian armies and taking Utica and Hippacra.
  • 308 BCE - 301 BCE
    Fourth Successor War between Alexander's successors.
  • 306 BCE
    Demetrius I of Macedon defeats Ptolemy's fleet at Salamis, off the coast of Cyprus.
  • 306 BCE
    Epicurus buys a garden in Athens in which he begins to teach Epicureanism.
  • 301 BCE
    The Battle of Ipsus in central Phrygia where Lysimachus and Seleucos I defeat Antigonus I and Demetrius I of Macedon.
  • c. 301 BCE - c. 320 BCE
    Doric temple to Athena and fortifications of Lysimachus built at Troy.
  • 295 BCE
    Demetrius I campaigns in central Greece, removes the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeats Sparta.
  • 294 BCE - c. 288 BCE
    Demetrius I rules as king of Macedon.
  • 287 BCE - 212 BCE
    Life of Archimedes, physician, mathematician and engineer.
  • 285 BCE - 282 BCE
    Rome defeats the Celts in Italy. Rome's dominance in central Italy is secured.
  • 280 BCE - 275 BCE
    King Pyrrhus of Epirus wages the Pyrrhic War against the Romans in Italy, defence of Tarentum being the pretext.
  • c. 280 BCE
    Founding of the Achaean League in the Peloponnese of Greece.
  • 279 BCE
    Celts invade Thrace and Anatolia.
  • 272 BCE
    Death of Pyrrhus of Epirus in a street battle in Argos.
  • c. 270 BCE
    Aristarchus of Samos proposes a heliocentric world view.
  • 263 BCE - 241 BCE
    Reign of Eumenes I at Pergamon.
  • 262 BCE
    Eumenes rebels and wins against the Seleucid Antiochus I. Beginning of the Pergamon Empire.
  • 250 BCE
    Former satrap Diodotos rebels against Seleucid king Antiochos I, creating the Greco-Bactrian kingdom.
  • 241 BCE - 197 BCE
    Reign of Attalus I at Pergamon.
  • 222 BCE
    The Achaean League and Antigonos III of Macedon defeat Sparta at Sellasia.
  • c. 190 BCE
    First appearance of multiple Euthydemid kings at the same time. Beginning of the Indo-Greek kingdoms.
  • c. 188 BCE
    The treaty of Apamea Kibotos. Peace and alliance is established between the Seleucid Empire and Rome joined by its allies, such as Pergamon and Rhodes. The Seleucids have to evacuate all the land and the cities from Asia Minor and to pay a huge war indemnity.
  • 172 BCE - 168 BCE
    Third Macedonian War: Perseus of Macedon challenges Rome and is defeated.
  • 147 BCE - 139 BCE
    The Lusitanian commander Viriatus bleeds Roman armies.
  • 146 BCE
    Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
  • 146 BCE
    End of the Third Punic War. Carthage is destroyed and its lands become the Roman province Africa.
  • 133 BCE
    Attalus III, the last king of Pergamon, bequeathes the whole of Pergamon to Rome.
  • 129 BCE
    Parthians conquer Mesopotamia. The Silk Road to China is now controlled by the Parthians.
  • 89 BCE - 63 BCE
    Mithridatic Wars between Mithridates VI and Roman Republic .
  • 83 BCE
    Tigranes II invades and destroys the Seleucid Empire.
  • 58 BCE - 51 BCE
    Julius Caesar's conquest of Gaul.
  • 37 BCE
    Herod the Great is installed as King of Judaea. Rebuilding of the Temple of Jerusalem.
  • c. 30 BCE - c. 19 BCE
    Roman poet Virgil writes his Aeneid.