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Battle of Salamis
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Battle of Salamis

The Battle of Salamis was a naval battle between Greek and Persian forces in the Saronic Gulf, Greece in September 480 BCE. The Greeks had recently lost the Battle of Thermopylae and drawn the naval Battle at Artemision, both in August 480...
The Greek Strategy at the Battle of Salamis 480 BCE
Articleby Antonis Mistriotis

The Greek Strategy at the Battle of Salamis 480 BCE

The history of the second Persian war as presented in most of the modern literature is solely based on Herodotus' Histories. However, Herodotus' narration seems to contain several unrealistic elements which raise doubts about the actual strategy...
Artemisia I of Caria
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Artemisia I of Caria

Artemisia I of Caria (l. 480 BCE) was the queen of the Anatolian region of Caria (south of ancient Lydia, in modern-day Turkey). She is most famous for her role in the naval Battle of Salamis in 480 BCE in which she fought for the Persians...
Ancient Cyprus: A Travel Guide
Articleby Carole Raddato

Ancient Cyprus: A Travel Guide

Lying at the crossroads of the eastern Mediterranean, the island of Cyprus has long been a meeting point for many of the world's great civilizations. Situated where Europe, Asia and Africa meet, its location shaped its history of bringing...
The Gymnasium of Salamis, Cyprus
Imageby Carole Raddato

The Gymnasium of Salamis, Cyprus

The Gymnasium of Salamis in Cyprus, with its columned palaestra, was built over the ruins of an earlier Hellenistic gymnasium in the 2nd century CE during Trajan and Hadrian's reign after Salamis had been greatly damaged in 116 CE during...
Kambanopetra Basilica in Salamis, Cyprus
Imageby Carole Raddato

Kambanopetra Basilica in Salamis, Cyprus

The Kambanopetra Basilica of Salamis in Cyprus was built in the 4th century CE. It was an impressive complex with a large colonnaded rectangular courtyard and porticoes on all four sides, adjoining a three-aisled basilica.
Roman Teatre of Salamis, Cyprus
Imageby Carole Raddato

Roman Teatre of Salamis, Cyprus

The Roman theatre of Salamis in Cyprus was built during the reign of Augustus (beginning of 1st century CE) and completed during the years of Trajan and Hadrian (beginning of 2nd century CE). It originally had 50 rows of seats (just 18 remain...
The Gymnasium Pool of Salamis, Cyprus
Imageby Carole Raddato

The Gymnasium Pool of Salamis, Cyprus

Marble pool at the north-east corner of the Gymnasium's portico of Salamis in Cyprus. The pool is surrounded by headless statues dating back to the 2nd century CE (Trajanic/Hadrianic).
Roman Theatre of Salamis, Cyprus
Imageby Carole Raddato

Roman Theatre of Salamis, Cyprus

The Roman theatre of Salamis in Cyprus was built during the reign of Augustus (beginning of 1st century CE) and completed during the years of Trajan and Hadrian (beginning of 2nd century CE). It originally had 50 rows of seats (just 18 remain...
Xerxes I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Xerxes I

Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes the Great, was the king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. His official title was Shahanshah which, though usually translated as `emperor', actually means `king of kings'. He is identified...
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