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Bath Complex of Salamis, Cyprus
Image by Carole Raddato

Bath Complex of Salamis, Cyprus

The bath complex of Salamis had a sweating-room, marble-lined pools, cold and hot rooms and an exposed hypocaust (underfloor heating system). The building was decorated with stunning mythological-themed mosaics and frescoes.
Themistocles
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Themistocles

Themistocles (c. 524 - c. 460 BCE) was an Athenian statesman and general (strategos) whose emphasis on naval power and military skills were instrumental during the Persian wars, victory in which ensured that Greece survived its greatest ever...
Battle of Salamis, 480 BCE
Image by Ancient Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers

Battle of Salamis, 480 BCE

Illustration of the Battle of Salamis (480 BCE) by Zvonimir Grbasic. Courtesy of Ancient Warfare Magazine / Karwansaray Publishers.
The Gymnasium Pool of Salamis, Cyprus
Image by Carole Raddato

The Gymnasium Pool of Salamis, Cyprus

Marble pool at the north-east corner of the Gymnasium's portico of Salamis in Cyprus. The pool is surrounded by headless statues dating back to the 2nd century CE (Trajanic/Hadrianic).
Fresco with Hylas in Salamis, Cyprus
Image by Carole Raddato

Fresco with Hylas in Salamis, Cyprus

Fresco in the bath complex of Salamis in Cyprus depicting the myth of Hylas and the water nymphs, end of 3rd century CE.
The Latrines of Salamis, Cyprus
Image by Carole Raddato

The Latrines of Salamis, Cyprus

The latrines of the gymnasium of Salamis in Cyprus. They were a semicircular structure with a roof supported on columns and had a capacity of 44.
Battle of Salamis, 480 BCE
Image by Dept. of History, US Military Academy

Battle of Salamis, 480 BCE

The distribution of the respective fleets of the Greek allied states (blue) against the Persian forces of Xerxes (red), 480 BCE. The Greeks would outmanoeuvre the Persians in the shallow waters of the straights and win a victory which would...
Persian Wars
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Persian Wars

The Persian Wars refers to the conflict between Greece and Persia in the 5th century BCE which involved two invasions by the latter in 490 and 480 BCE. Several of the most famous and significant battles in history were fought during the Wars...
Xerxes I
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Xerxes I

Xerxes I (l. 519-465, r. 486-465 BCE), also known as Xerxes the Great, was the king of the Persian Achaemenid Empire. His official title was Shahanshah which, though usually translated as `emperor', actually means `king of kings'. He is identified...
Battle of Plataea
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Battle of Plataea

The Battle of Plataea was a land battle between Greeks and Persians near the small town of Plataea in Boeotia in 479 BCE. Following up their naval victory at the Battle of Salamis in September 480 BCE against the same enemy, the Greeks again...
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