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The Crusades: Consequences & Effects
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Crusades: Consequences & Effects

The crusades of the 11th to 15th century CE have become one of the defining events of the Middle Ages in both Europe and the Middle East. The campaigns brought significant consequences wherever they occurred but also pushed changes within...
Richard I of England
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Richard I of England

Richard I of England, also known as Richard the Lionheart (Cœur de Lion), reigned as king of England from 1189 to 1199 CE. The son of Henry II of England (r. 1154-1189 CE) and Eleanor of Aquitaine (c. 1122-1204 CE), Richard was known for...
Crusades
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Crusades

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns organised by popes and Christian western powers to take Jerusalem and the Holy Land back from Muslim control and then defend those gains. There were eight major official crusades between 1095...
The Crusades: Causes & Goals
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Crusades: Causes & Goals

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns organised by Christian powers in order to retake Jerusalem and the Holy Land back from Muslim control. There would be eight officially sanctioned crusades between 1095 CE and 1270 CE and many...
Battle of Hattin, 1187 ? Saladin's Greatest Victory - ????? ????
Videoby HistoryMarche

Battle of Hattin, 1187 ? Saladin's Greatest Victory - ????? ????

► To skip straight to the battle, head over to 12:50 ► Please consider supporting our work on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/historymarche Narration: Alexander Doddy www.alexanderdoddy.com Script: Matthew Hollis Arabic Subtitles...
Crusader States
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Crusader States

The Crusader States (aka the Latin East or Outremer) were created after the First Crusade (1095-1102 CE) in order to keep hold of the territorial gains made by Christian armies in the Middle East. The four small states were the Kingdom of...
Latin Surrender to Saladin, 1187 CE
Imageby Said Tahsine

Latin Surrender to Saladin, 1187 CE

A painting depicting the surrender of the Latin ruler Guy de Lusignan to Saladin, the Sultan of Egypt and Syria (r. 1174-1193 CE), after the battle of Hattin in 1187 CE. The loss and subsequent capture of Jerusalem by Saladin would spark...
Saladin and Guy of Lusignan
Imageby Mark Cartwright

Saladin and Guy of Lusignan

A 17th century CE painting by Jan Lievens of Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria (r. 1174-1193 CE) and the French nobleman and king of the Kingdom of Jerusalem, Guy of Lusignan (r. 1186-1192 CE), enemies during the siege of Acre from 1189-1191...
Jerusalem Recaptured by Saladin
Imageby Jan Luyken

Jerusalem Recaptured by Saladin

This print from 1683 CE depicts the recapture of Jerusalem in 1187 CE by Saladin (r. 1174-1193 CE) . Etching on paper. Measures 169 mm x 292 mm. (Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam)
Saladin's Army, from the Histoire d'Outremerby
Imageby Anonymous

Saladin's Army, from the Histoire d'Outremerby

A painting of the army of Saladin (1137-93 CE) from a 1337 CE French manuscript of Histoire d'Outremerby Guillaume de Tyr. The manuscript is from the National Library of France, in Paris.