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Attila the Hun
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Attila the Hun

Attila the Hun (r. 434-453 CE) was the leader of the ancient nomadic people known as the Huns and ruler of the Hunnic Empire, which he established. His name means "Little Father" and, according to some historians, may not have been...
The Battle of the Catalaunian Fields
Articleby Joshua J. Mark

The Battle of the Catalaunian Fields

The Battle of the Catalaunian Fields (also known as The Battle of Chalons, The Battle of Maurica) was one of the most decisive military engagements in history between the forces of the Roman Empire under Flavius Aetius (391-454 CE) and those...
Huns
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Huns

The Huns were a nomadic tribe prominent in the 4th and 5th century CE whose origin is unknown but, most likely, they came from "somewhere between the eastern edge of the Altai Mountains and the Caspian Sea, roughly modern Kazakhstan"...
The Goths
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

The Goths

The Goths were a Germanic tribe who are frequently referenced for their part in the fall of the Roman Empire and their subsequent rise to power in the region of northern Europe, initially in Italy. They are first referenced by Herodotus as...
Bayan I
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Bayan I

Bayan I (reigned 562/565-602 CE) was a king of the Avars, a confederation of heterogeneous people who migrated from the region of Mongolia, north of China, in 552 CE and came in contact with the Eastern Roman Empire c. 557 CE. Bayan I is...
Avars
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Avars

The Avars were a confederation of heterogeneous (diverse or varied) people consisting of Rouran, Hephthalites, and Turkic-Oghuric races who migrated to the region of the Pontic Grass Steppe (an area corresponding to modern-day Ukraine, Russia...
Attila the Hun by Delacroix
Imageby Eugene Delacroix

Attila the Hun by Delacroix

Detail of Attila from the romanticist painting Attila and his Hordes Overrun Italy and the Arts (1838-1847) by Eugene Delacroix. Palais Bourbon, Paris (France).
Empire of Attila the Hun
Imageby William R. Shepherd

Empire of Attila the Hun

Map showing the empire of Attila the Hun c. 450 CE.
Feast of Attila
Imageby Fine Arts in Hungary

Feast of Attila

Feast of Attila by Mor Than, 1870 CE, now in the Hungarian National Gallery. In this scene, visitors stand before Attila and his guests, singing songs that they have composed. Attila in at the center of the composition, it is thought that...
Ostrogoth
Definitionby Joshua J. Mark

Ostrogoth

The Ostrogoths were the eastern tribe of the Goths (a Germanic people) who rose in power in the area north of the Black Sea. The designation, Ostrogoth, taken to mean 'Eastern Goth', actually means 'Goths glorified by the rising sun' and...