Battles of the Roman Empire

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$2799 / $18000


Mark Cartwright
published on 07 June 2019

The Roman Empire was forged through warfare and in this collection we look at some of the key battles and revolts that shaped its borders from the reign of Augustus onwards. We look at Varus' shocking defeat at the Battle of Teutoburg Forest, where the legions infamously lost their eagles to the enemy and so their numbers were retired. There were major revolts to be dealt with in Britain and Palestine, the troublesome Parthians to face in Asia with their unusual tactic of firing arrows as they retreated, and then came the armies of Queen Zenobia and her Palmyrene Empire, who took advantage of the rule of Barracks Emperors during the Crisis of the Third Century CE. We also meet Atilla the Hun whose expansion into western Europe was only halted at the Battle of Catalaunian Fields in France in 451 CE. The Romans might have built an impressive empire but they certainly had to spill some blood to keep it.

Although the story of the battle of Teutoburg was known since antiquity, it was not accorded special significance until 1470 CE when the description by Tacitus was discovered and printed in Venice for the first time. However, the exact location of the battlefield continued to be an enigma for more than 500 years...



3D Images

Subscribe to this author

About the Author

Mark Cartwright
Mark is a full-time writer, researcher, historian, and editor. Special interests include art, architecture, and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the WHE Publishing Director.

Free for the World, Supported by You

World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit organization. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide.

Become a Member