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The Roman Empire was forged through warfare and in this collection we look at some of the key battles and revolts that shaped its borders from the reign of Augustus onwards. We look at Varus' shocking defeat at the Battle of Teutoburg Forest, where the legions infamously lost their eagles to the enemy and so their numbers were retired. There were major revolts to be dealt with in Britain and Palestine, the troublesome Parthians to face in Asia with their unusual tactic of firing arrows as they retreated, and then came the armies of Queen Zenobia and her Palmyrene Empire, who took advantage of the rule of Barracks Emperors during the Crisis of the Third Century CE. We also meet Atilla the Hun whose expansion into western Europe was only halted at the Battle of Catalaunian Fields in France in 451 CE. The Romans might have built an impressive empire but they certainly had to spill some blood to keep it.
Although the story of the battle of Teutoburg was known since antiquity, it was not accorded special significance until 1470 CE when the description by Tacitus was discovered and printed in Venice for the first time. However, the exact location of the battlefield continued to be an enigma for more than 500 years...
About the Author
Mark is a full-time author, researcher, historian, and editor. Special interests include art, architecture, and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the WHE Publishing Director.
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Uploaded by Mark Cartwright, published on 07 June 2019. The copyright holder has published this content under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. When republishing on the web a hyperlink back to the original content source URL must be included. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.