Hatshepsut: the Forgotten Woman who was a King of Egypt

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Kelly Macquire
published on 18 January 2022

Hatshepsut, whose name means Foremost of Noble Women or She is First Among Noble Women is the forgotten woman who was a King of Ancient Egypt. She began as regent for her stepson Thutmose III and presented herself as a woman, but later she chose to depict herself as a man. Hatshepsut was the daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose I and his Great Wife Ahmose. While Thutmose III was still only a child, Thutmose II died, and Hatshepsut became regent, which was a common role for women to claim when the heir to the throne was not yet old enough to rule. She was meant to control the affairs of Egypt until her step-son came of age, but seven years after she became regent, she proclaimed herself Pharaoh of Egypt and took all of the royal titles and names. These titles were all written in the feminine grammatical form, but she began to depict herself as a male pharaoh.

Her step-son, Thutmose III became known as the Napoleon of Ancient Egypt for his great military successes, and twenty years after Hatshepsut's death, widespread destruction of Hatshepsut occurred. Not only that, but Thutmose III back-dates his rule to the death of his father, and all that Hatshepsut accomplished in her twenty years as pharaoh is attributed to Thutmose III instead. Her name and her images were erased from evidence in an attempt to completely remove her from Egypt’s history.

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0:00​ Introduction
0:55 Who is Hatshepsut?
1:51 Early Life and Regency of Hatshepsut
5:07 The Reign of Hatshepsut as King of Egypt
8:32 Death and Disappearance of Hatshepsut
12:44 Outro

Hatshepsut https://www.worldhistory.org/hatshepsut/
The Temple of Hatshepsut https://www.worldhistory.org/article/1100/the-temple-of-hatshepsut/
Queen Hatshepsut: Daughter of Amun, Pharaoh of Egypt https://www.worldhistory.org/article/118/queen-hatshepsut-daughter-of-amun-pharaoh-of-egypt/
The Statuary of Maatkare Hatshepsut https://www.worldhistory.org/article/1096/the-statuary-of-maatkare-hatshepsut/
God's Wife of Amun https://www.worldhistory.org/God's_Wife_of_Amun/
Thutmose III https://www.worldhistory.org/Thutmose_III/
Punt https://www.worldhistory.org/punt/
New Kingdom of Egypt https://www.worldhistory.org/New_Kingdom_of_Egypt/

The Egyptian Book of the Dead - A Guide to the Underworld https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpsjDFCbcek
Shabti Dolls of Ancient Egypt - Helpers in the Afterlife https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ef2K3BRwU0M
Cleopatra VII Philopator: the Last Queen of Ancient Egypt https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J6bM6ElVO5k
Famous Female Pharaohs and Queens of Ancient Egypt https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZgTCRNaJtqo
Hypatia of Alexandria: The Female Mathematician, Astronomer and Philosopher https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gQ5_ohn3fP0

You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here - https://worldhistory.typehut.com/hatshepsut-the-forgotten-woman-who-was-a-king-of-egypt-images-and-attributions-7628

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Elsie McLaughlin
CC BY NC SA 4.0 - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/deed.en

The Metropolitan Museum of Art
CC0 - The Met Open Access - https://www.metmuseum.org/about-the-met/policies-and-documents/open-access

World History Encyclopedia

#hatshepsut #pharaohhatshepsut #ancientegypt

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2022, January 18). Hatshepsut: the Forgotten Woman who was a King of Egypt. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2699/hatshepsut-the-forgotten-woman-who-was-a-king-of-e/

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Hatshepsut: the Forgotten Woman who was a King of Egypt." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified January 18, 2022. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2699/hatshepsut-the-forgotten-woman-who-was-a-king-of-e/.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Hatshepsut: the Forgotten Woman who was a King of Egypt." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 18 Jan 2022. Web. 23 Jul 2024.