Queens of Ancient Egypt


Joshua J. Mark
published on 27 February 2024

Women were given greater respect in Egypt than in most other civilizations of the ancient world. There were female doctors, scribes, business owners, and even rulers. Although kings in ancient Egypt were understood as a reflection of the natural order – since the first monarch, Osiris, was male – there were several queens who made their mark on history.



Questions & Answers

Who was the first queen of ancient Egypt?

The first recorded queen of ancient Egypt was Neithhotep during the First Dynasty (c. 3150 - c. 2890 BCE) of the Early Dynastic Period.

Was Nitocris an actual historical queen?

Nitocris was regarded as a fictional character in the past but is now increasingly understood as the historical last monarch of the Old Kingdom, reigning 2184-2181 BCE.

Did Nefertiti rule Egypt on her own?

Some scholars have claimed Nefertiti ruled Egypt on her own but, even if she didn't, it is clear she took on the responsibilities of monarch after her husband, Akhenaten, became distracted by his new religion.

Was Cleopatra VII Egyptian?

No. Cleopatra VII was Macedonian-Greek, the last monarch of the Ptolemaic Dynasty of Egypt.

About the Author

Joshua J. Mark
Joshua J. Mark is World History Encyclopedia's co-founder and Content Director. He was previously a professor at Marist College (NY) where he taught history, philosophy, literature, and writing. He has traveled extensively and lived in Greece and Germany.

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