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1900 BCE: Ashur, capial of Assyria, is founded.
1813 BCE - 1791 BCE: Reign of Shamashi Adad I who drives out Amorites, secures border of Assyria, makes Ashur capital.
1680 BCE: Hurrians occupy Assyria.
1472 BCE: Mittani annexes Assyria.
1400 BCE: Assyria regains its independence.
1307 BCE - 1275 BCE: Reign of Assyrian King Adad-Nirari I, Mitanni becomes vassal state.
1250 BCE: Shalmaneser I of Assyria conquers the kingdom of Mitanni and defeats its allies.
1245 BCE: Battle of Nihriya: Tukulti-Ninurta I of Assyria defeats Tudahalija IV of the Hittites.
1244 BCE - 1208 BCE: Reign of Tukulti-Ninurta I, Hittites conquered.
1225 BCE: Tukulti-Ninurta I sacks Babylon.
1220 BCE: Babylon is under Assyrian control.
1115 BCE - 1076 BCE: Reign of Tiglath-Pileser I of Assyria who conquers Phoenicia and revitalizes the empire.
912 BCE - 891 BCE: Reign of Adad Nirari II who revitalizes kingdom and secures borders.
900 BCE - 800 BCE: Surviving sphinxes from the Assyrian civilization, usually placed as guards outside palaces.
884 BCE - 859 BCE: Rule of king Ashurnasirpal II of Assyria who moves capital from Ashur to Kalhu (Caleh).
853 BCE: Babylonian kings depend on Assyrian military support.
841 BCE: Israel pays tribute to Assyria.
824 BCE - 811 BCE: Reign of King Shamshi Adad V under whose reign civil war erupts.
745 BCE - 727 BCE: Reign of Tiglath Pileser III who restructures government and military and expands empire.
729 BCE: Babylon is occupied by Assyrians.
727 BCE - 722 BCE: Reign of Shalmaneser V.
722 BCE - 705 BCE: Peak of the Assyrian empire under the reign of Sargon II.
722 BCE: Israel is conquered by Assyria.
722 BCE - 705 BCE: Reign of Sargon II of Assyria. Capital moved from Kalhu to Dur-Sharrukin.
705 BCE - 681 BCE: Reign of king Sennacherib of Assyria.
705 BCE: Sennacherib moves capital from Dur-Sharrukin to Nineveh.
701 BCE: King Sennacherib of Assyria sacks the city of Lachish in Judah but fails to take the capital Jerusalem.
681 BCE - 669 BCE: Reign of Esarhaddon who expands the empire.
676 BCE: Scythians and Mannaens attack Assyria.
671 BCE: Egypt is conquered by Assyria.
671 BCE: Second Egyptian Campaign, Assyrian army successfully captures Memphis and conquers Egypt.
668 BCE: Ashurbanipal succeeds his father as King of the Assyrian Empire.
668 BCE - 627 BCE: Reign of Ashurbanipal, the last great king of Assyria.
653 BCE: Egypt expels Assyrians.
648 BCE: War between Assyria and the Elamites.
627 BCE: Death of King Ashurbanipal.
627 BCE: Revolts break out following the death of Ashurbanipal, empire begins to fail.
612 BCE: Downfall of the Assyrian empire.
612 BCE: The great Assyrian cities of Ashur, Kalhu, and Nineveh are sacked and burned by the Medes, Babylonians, and Persian forces.
605 BCE - 549 BCE: Babylon rules over the Assyrian regions.
600 BCE: Assyrians control the Fertile Crescent.
549 BCE - 330 BCE: Persian rule in the region.
332 BCE - 330 BCE: Alexander the Great invades Syria, conquers the Persians.
312 BCE - 63 BCE: Duration of the Seleucid Empire.
115 CE - 116 CE: The Roman Empire conquers Mesopotamia.
226 CE - 650 CE: Sassanid Empire rules the region until the Arab Conquest of 7th century CE.