Sparta Timeline

Search Results

  • c. 900 BCE
    Sparta is founded.
  • 706 BCE
    Sparta founds the colony of Tarentum in Magna Graecia.
  • c. 700 BCE
    Sparta, Argos and Paros hold the first documented musical competitions in Greece.
  • c. 650 BCE
    Sparta crushes Messenian revolt.
  • c. 550 BCE - c. 366 BCE
    Peloponnesian League alliance between Sparta, Corinth, Elis and Tegea which establishes Spartan hegemony over the Peloponnese.
  • c. 545 BCE
    Sparta takes control of Thyrea from Argos.
  • 525 BCE
    Sparta and Corinth unsuccessfully attack Polycrates of Samos.
  • 494 BCE - 493 BCE
    Spartan forces under Cleomenes I attack the city of Argos.
  • 494 BCE - 493 BCE
    Telesilla of Argos defends her city against the Spartan forces with an army of women.
  • c. 490 BCE
    Leonidas beomes one of Sparta's two kings.
  • 480 BCE
    Pausanias is made regent of Sparta for his young cousin Pleistarchus.
  • Aug 480 BCE
    Battle of Thermopylae. 300 Spartans under King Leonidas and other Greek allies hold back the Persians led by Xerxes I for three days but are defeated.
  • 479 BCE
    Xerxes' Persian forces are defeated by Greek forces at Plataea effectively ending Persia's imperial ambitions in Greece.
  • 478 BCE
    Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
  • c. 475 BCE
    Athenian general Cimon defeats Spartan general Pausanias and takes Byzantium.
  • c. 471 BCE
    Spartan general Pausanias is put on trial for the second time with a charge of treason but is acquitted for a second time.
  • 464 BCE - 463 BCE
    Earthquake in Sparta, followed by slave revolt. Surrender of Thasos.
  • 460 BCE - 445 BCE
    First Peloponnesian War.
  • 457 BCE
    Sparta wins the battle of Tanagra during the 1st Peloponnesian War with Athens.
  • 451 BCE
    Sparta and Argos sign a peace treaty which endures for the next 30 years.
  • 432 BCE
    Sparta declares that Athens has broken the Thirty Year Peace and prepares for war.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
  • 430 BCE - c. 354 BCE
    Life of Xenophon of Athens.
  • 429 BCE
    Peloponnesian forces led by Sparta begin the siege of Plataea.
  • 429 BCE
    Following attacks by Sparta, fortifications at the port of Piraeus are extended to reduce the width of the harbour entrances.
  • 427 BCE
    Plataea finally falls to the Spartans after a two year siege.
  • 425 BCE
    Pylos campaign, under Cleon and Demosthenes' command Athens defeats Sparta at Pylos.
  • 424 BCE - 420 BCE
    The Nike of Paionios is erected at Olympia to commemorate the Messenian and Naupaktian victory over Sparta at the battle of Sphakteria.
  • 424 BCE
    Spartan Brasidas' campaign in Thrace.
  • 424 BCE
    Spartan general Brasidas takes Amphipolis, Thucydides failed to prevent this and is exiled.
  • 424 BCE
    A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the Peloponnese.
  • 422 BCE
    Spartan general Brasidas dies of his wounds at Amphipolis.
  • 422 BCE
    Spartan general Brasidas employs Myrkinian and Chalkidian peltasts to defeat a force of Athenian hoplites at Amphipolis.
  • 421 BCE
    Spartan soldiers return from campaigning Thrace, some as Neodamodeis.
  • 420 BCE
    Sparta is excluded from the Olympic Games for breaking the ekecheiria or sacred truce.
  • 418 BCE
    Sparta, led by Agis II, defeats Argos and her allies at the battle of Mantinaea.
  • 413 BCE
    On the advice of Alcibiades the Spartans take over the Athenian-held fort of Dekeleia.
  • 412 BCE
    The Spartan general Astyochus sacks Kos.
  • c. 412 BCE
    Rhodes revolts against Athens and supports Sparta in the Peloponnesian War.
  • 412 BCE
    Sparta allies with Persia.
  • 410 BCE
    Alcibiades leads the Athenian fleet to victory over Sparta at Cyzicus.
  • c. 408 BCE
    Lysander is first made an admiral of the Spartan fleet.
  • c. 407 BCE
    The Athenian fleet is defeated by Lysander of Sparta at Notium.
  • 404 BCE
    Spartan general Lysander attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus destroying parts of the Long Wall fortifications.
  • 404 BCE
    End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
  • c. 398 BCE
    Xenophon works as mercenary for Sparta.
  • 396 BCE
    Spartan Agesilaus II's campaign into Ionia.
  • 395 BCE - 386 BCE
    The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
  • 395 BCE
    Spartan general Lysander is killed by Theban forces at the Battle of Hallartos.
  • 390 BCE
    Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near Corinth.
  • 387 BCE
    Sparta attacks the Athenian port of Piraeus.
  • 382 BCE - 379 BCE
    Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
  • c. 379 BCE
    Pelopidas removes the Spartan garrison from the Theban acropolis.
  • 378 BCE - 377 BCE
    Spartan king Agesilaus II campaigns in Boeotia.
  • 377 BCE - 355 BCE
    The Cycladic city states join Athens in the Second Athenian League against Sparta .
  • 375 BCE
    Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
  • 371 BCE
    Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuctra.
  • 367 BCE
    Celtic mercenaries fight with the Spartans against Thebes.
  • 362 BCE
    Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
  • 295 BCE
    Demetrius I campaigns in central Greece, removes the tyrant Lachares from Athens and defeats Sparta.
  • 273 BCE
    Pyrrhus of Epirus attacks Macedon and Sparta.
  • 222 BCE
    The Achaean League and Antigonos III of Macedon defeat Sparta at Sellasia.
  • 267 CE
    The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
  • 396 CE
    Sparta is sacked by the Visigoths led by Alaric.
Membership