Elizabeth I of England Timeline

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  • 7 Sep 1533
    Birth of Elizabeth, daughter of Henry VIII of England and Anne Boleyn. She is the future Elizabeth I of England.
  • 17 Mar 1554
    Mary I of England detains her half-sister Princess Elizabeth (future Elizabeth I of England) in the Tower of London on suspicion of treason.
  • 1556 - 1598
    Reign of Philip II of Spain.
  • 1558 - 1603
  • 1558 - 1572
    William Cecil, Lord Burghley is the Secretary of State for Elizabeth I of England.
  • 17 Nov 1558
    Death from cancer of Mary I of England.
  • 1559
    Parliament formally asks Elizabeth I of England to marry.
  • 1559 - 1563
    The Elizabethan Religious Settlement, a set of acts and decisions which continue the English Reformation.
  • 1559
    Elizabeth I of England introduces a new compromise Book of Common Prayer.
  • 1559
    Robert Dudley is appointed Master of the Horse by Elizabeth I of England.
  • Jan 1559
    Elizabeth I of England rejects the marriage proposal of Philip II of Spain.
  • 15 Jan 1559
    Coronation of Elizabeth I of England in Westminster Abbey.
  • Apr 1559
    Elizabeth I of England reinstates the Act of Supremacy.
  • May 1559
    The Act of Uniformity which bans the Mass service and sets out what the interiors of English churches should look like.
  • Jul 1559
    The Royal Injunctions - 57 regulations on Church matters which continue the English Reformation.
  • 1560
    Rumours begin that Elizabeth I of England is in a relationship with Robert Dudley.
  • 8 Sep 1560
    Robert Dudley’s wife Amy Robsart is found dead lying at the bottom of a flight of stairs.
  • 1562 - 1563
    John Hawkins' first expedition to transport slaves from West Africa to the Americas.
  • Oct 1562
    Robert Dudley is made a member of the Privy Council of Elizabeth I of England.
  • Dec 1562
    Elizabeth I of England suffers an attack of smallpox.
  • 1563
    For a second time, Parliament formally asks Elizabeth I of England to marry.
  • 1563
    Elizabeth I of England bans the production of unofficial portraits of the royal person.
  • 1563
    The 39 Articles define English Protestantism.
  • 1564 - 1565
    John Hawkins' second expedition to transport slaves from West Africa to the Americas.
  • 28 Sep 1564
    Robert Dudley is made the 1st Earl of Leicester by Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1567 - 1568
    John Hawkins and Francis Drake lead an expedition to transport slaves from west Africa to the Spanish West Indies. The fleet is attacked at San Juan D'Ulloa.
  • May 1568
    Elizabeth I of England confines the exiled Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • 14 May 1568
    Mary, Queen of Scots flees Scotland and seeks sanctuary in England.
  • 1569
    There is a rebellion in the north of England against Elizabeth I of England and stirred up by the earls of Northumberland and Westmorland.
  • Feb 1570
    The Pope excommunicates Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1571
    The Duke of Norfolk plots with Spain to mount an invasion of England and crown Mary, Queen of Scots the queen of England (the Ridolfi plot).
  • 1572 - 1573
    Francis Drake explores Panama.
  • 1572 - 1598
    William Cecil, Lord Burghley is the Lord Treasurer of Elizabeth I of England's government.
  • 1576
    London receives its first playhouse, founded by James Burbage and simply known as The Theatre.
  • 1576 - 1578
    Martin Frobisher explores Labrador in search of the fabled North-West Passage.
  • 1576
    The first purpose-built and permanent theatre in England is built in London, the Theatre.
  • 1577 - 1580
    Francis Drake circumnavigates the world in his ship the Golden Hind.
  • 4 Apr 1581
    Elizabeth I of England knights Francis Drake after his circumnavigation of the globe.
  • 1584
    The Throckmorton Plot sees a Spanish ambassador work with Mary, Queen of Scots to try and replace Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1585
    Rober Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester leads an expeditionary force to help Protestant rebels in the Netherlands.
  • 1585 - 1587
    Sir Francis Drake attacks Spanish vessels and ports in the Spanish Main.
  • Apr 1585 - Jul 1585
    Settlers sail to Virginia in North America to create England's first colony on Roanoke Island.
  • 1586
    The Babington Plot sees Mary, Queen of Scots embroiled in a plot with Anthony Babington to oust Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1586 - 1588
    Thomas Cavendish circumnavigates the globe, only the third man to do so.
  • Jul 1586
    The Treaty of Berwick, a peace treaty, is signed between England and Scotland.
  • 14 Oct 1586
    Mary, Queen of Scots is tried and, found guilty of plotting against Elizabeth I of England, is condemned to death.
  • 1587
    Robert Dudley, 1st Earl of Leicester returns to the Netherlands to assist Protestant rebels there.
  • 1 Feb 1587
    Elizabeth I of England signs the death warrant of Mary, Queen of Scots.
  • 8 Feb 1587
    Mary, Queen of Scots, guilty of plotting against Elizabeth I of England, is executed.
  • Apr 1587
    Sir Francis Drake attacks Cadiz.
  • 22 Jul 1587
    A second wave of settlers arrives to form the Roanoke Colony in Virginia, North America.
  • 30 May 1588
    The Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain leaves Lisbon.
  • Jul 1588 - Aug 1588
    The Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain is defeated in its attempt to invade England.
  • 9 Aug 1588
    Elizabeth I of England visits her land army at Tilbury which was assembled to repel the invasion of the Spanish Armada of Philip II of Spain.
  • c. 1589
    William Shakespeare writes his first play, 'Henry VI Part I'.
  • Apr 1589 - Jul 1589
    The Drake-Norris Expedition (aka English Armada or Don Antonio Expedition) attacks Lisbon and ships of Philip II of Spain. It is not successful.
  • 1590
    Edmund Spenser writes his poem 'The Fairie Queen' with its central figure of 'Gloriana', identified with Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1592
    A wave of Black Death plague closes all theatres in London for one year.
  • Aug 1592 - Sep 1592
    Sir Walter Raleigh is imprisoned in the Tower of London for marrying in secret a lady-in-waiting of Elizabeth I of England.
  • 3 Aug 1592
    A fleet of English ships funded by Sir Walter Raleigh captures the Portuguese treasure ship, the carrack Madre de Deus.
  • c. 1593
    William Shakespeare writes his play 'Romeo and Juliet'.
  • Aug 1595
    John Hawkins and Francis Drake lead an unsuccessful expedition against Spanish ships and settlements in Panama and the Caribbean.
  • Jun 1596
    A large English fleet lands and captures the Spanish port of Cadiz.
  • 1597
    Elizabeth I passes the first of her Poor Laws.
  • Aug 1598
    William Cecil, Lord Burghley dies.
  • 1599
    Opening of the Globe Theatre in London.
  • 1600
    The East India Company is given a charter to trade in India and the Indian Ocean by Elizabeth I of England.
  • 1601
    Elizabeth I of England passes the second batch of Poor Laws.
  • 24 Mar 1603
    Elizabeth I of England, aged 69, dies of ill health at Richmond Palace.
  • 25 Jul 1603
    Coronation of James VI of Scotland as King James I of England in Westminster Abbey.