Roman Architecture Timeline

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  • 484 BCE
    The first temple of the Dioscuri (Castor & Pollux) is dedicated in Rome's Forum Romanum by Aulus Postumius following his victory over the Latins at the Battle of Lake Regillus.
  • 380 BCE
    Rebuilding of Rome. Strong walls around the seven hills.
  • 321 BCE
    The Via Appia, a famous Roman road, is constructed.
  • 312 BCE
    Rome's first aqueduct constructed, the 16 km long Aqua Appia.
  • 184 BCE
    The first basilica is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
  • 146 BCE
    First Roman all-marble building is constructed, the temple of Jupiter Stater in Rome.
  • 144 BCE - 140 BCE
    Rome's 91 km long Aqua Marcia aqueduct constructed.
  • 121 BCE
    The first triumphal arch is added to Rome's Forum Romanum.
  • c. 75 BCE
    The amphitheatre of Pompeii is built.
  • 55 BCE
    Pompey the Great builds the first permanent stone theatre in Rome.
  • 54 BCE - 29 BCE
    Forum of Caesar constructed in Rome by Julius Caesar as another area to conduct judicial business. It is the best surviving of his monuments.
  • 29 BCE
    Augustus builds the temple of Divius Iulius on the spot of Julius Caesar's funeral pyre in Rome's Forum Romanum.
  • c. 27 BCE
    The first Pantheon is built in Rome and dedicated by Marcus Agrippa.
  • c. 20 BCE
    Military engineer and architect Vitruvius publishes his "De Architectura".
  • c. 20 BCE
    The Campus Martius baths in Rome are constructed and donated to the people by Agrippa.
  • 19 BCE
    Arch of Augustus built in Rome to commemorate victory over the Parthians.
  • c. 13 BCE
    Official inauguration of the Theatre of Marcellus in Rome.
  • 2 BCE
    Augusutus inaugurates the Temple of Mars Ultor in Rome to commemorate his victory at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BCE.
  • c. 1 CE - c. 100 CE
    Construction of the temple of Jupiter Baal by the Romans at Baalbek.
  • c. 50 CE
    The largest Roman aqueduct, 49 m high, completed at Pont du Gard.
  • c. 65 CE
    The Circus Maximus in Rome is rebuilt and its capacity increased to 250,000.
  • c. 65 CE
    The Baths of Nero are built in Rome.
  • 72 CE
    Vespasian begins construction of the Colosseum in Rome.
  • 80 CE
    The Colosseum in Rome is officially opened by Titus with a 100 day gladiator spectacular.
  • 81 CE - 96 CE
    Construction is finally completed on the Colosseum of Rome in the reign of Domitian.
  • c. 81 CE
    The Arch of Titus is built in Rome's Forum Romanum to commemorate the conquest of Jerusalem.
  • 110 CE
    The Baths of Trajan in Rome are completed.
  • 113 CE
    Trajan's column is constructed in Rome which commemorates the emperor's campaigns in Dacia.
  • 117 CE - 138 CE
    Rule of the Roman Emperor Hadrian who supports great building projects in and around the Agora of Athens.
  • 122 CE
    Construction begins on Hadrian's Wall.
  • c. 125 CE
    The Pantheon is completed in Rome.
  • c. 127 CE
    The Baths of Hadrian at Lepcis Magna are completed.
  • 150 CE
    Nymphaion fountain of Herodes Atticus built at Olympia.
  • 162 CE
    The Antonine Baths at Carthage are completed.
  • c. 180 CE
    The Column of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina is erected in Rome. It depicts in relief sculpture the emperors' campaigns across the Danube.
  • 202 CE
    The Pantheon in Rome is repaired by Septimius Severus and Caracalla.
  • 203 CE
    The Arch of Septimius Severus is built in Rome's Forum Romanum to commemorate victories over the Parthians.
  • 216 CE
    The Severan basilica at Lepcis Magna is built.
  • 227 CE
    The Baths of Nero in Rome are extensively renovated and expanded by Alexander Severus and renamed Thermae Alexandrinae.
  • c. 235 CE
    The Baths of Caracalla in Rome are completed.
  • 305 CE
    The Baths of Diocletian in Rome are completed.
  • c. 315 CE
    Arch of Constantine I built in Rome to commemorate victory over Maxentius in 312 CE.
  • 315 CE
    The Baths of Constantine I in Rome are completed.
  • c. 360 CE - c. 380 CE
    The Temple of Saturn is rebuilt in the Forum Romanum of Rome.
  • 608 CE
    The Pantheon in Rome is converted into a Christian church.
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