Medieval Castle Timeline

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  • 967
    The castle of Baños de la Encina, Jaén, Spain is built by the Moors.
  • c. 1000
    The tower keep is built at Ivry-la-Bataille Castle, Normandy, France.
  • c. 1000
    The castle and tower keep of Langeais, central France, are built.
  • c. 1020
    The tower keep of Loches Castle, central France, is built.
  • 1066
    William the Conqueror begins construction of Dover Castle in southern England.
  • Oct 1066
    The Normans introduce motte and bailey castles to Britain.
  • 1067 - 1090
    The first Great Hall of Chepstow Castle is built.
  • c. 1067
    Earl William FitzOsbern begins the construction of Chepstow Castle in Wales.
  • 1068
    Exeter Castle, Devon, England is built.
  • 1068
    A motte and bailey castle is built at York, England.
  • 1068
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Warwick, Warwickshire, England.
  • 1069
    A second motte and bailey castle is built at York, England.
  • c. 1070
    William the Conqueror builds a motte and bailey castle at Windsor.
  • c. 1070
    The Normans build the motte and bailey Pickering Castle, Yorkshire, England.
  • c. 1072
    The tower keep of Chepstow Castle, Wales is built.
  • c. 1074
    The tower keep is begun at Colchester Castle, Essex, England.
  • c. 1078 - c. 1100
    The White Tower of the Tower of London is built, a project begun by William the Conqueror.
  • 1080
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Launceston, Cornwall, England.
  • 1080
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Totnes, Devon, England.
  • 1087 - 1089
    Construction of the first stone version of Rochester Castle in England.
  • c. 1093
    A motte and bailey castle is built at Caernarfon in Wales by the Normans.
  • 1095 - 1115
    The hall keep is added to Norwich Castle, Norfolk, England.
  • c. 1100
    The motte and bailey Restormel Castle, Cornwall, England is built.
  • c. 1105
    Corfe Castle, Dorset, England is built.
  • 1122
    Carlisle Castle, Cumbria, England is built.
  • c. 1125
    The tower keep of Arques Castle, Normandy, France is built by Henry I of England.
  • 1127 - 1136
    The tower keep is built at Rochester Castle, England.
  • 1127
    Construction begins of Scarborough Castle, Yorkshire, England
  • 1130
    Etampes Castle is built, near Paris, France. The tower keep is circular on the outside and square inside.
  • 1131
    The castle of Bari, southern Italy is built by Count Roger I.
  • 1136
    The Knights Hospitaller are given the castle of Beth Gibelin, Jerusalem.
  • c. 1138
    Castle Rising Castle, Norfolk, England is built.
  • c. 1138
    The tower keep of Farnham Castle, Surrey, England is built.
  • c. 1142
    A tower keep is added to Hedingham Castle, Essex, England.
  • 1144
    The Knights Hospitaller acquire the castle of Krak des Chevaliers in Syria.
  • c. 1150
    A stone shell keep is built at Cardiff Castle, Wales .
  • 1150 - 1175
    The Caesar's Tower castle keep at Kenilworth Castle, Warwickshire, England is built.
  • 1157 - 1169
    The tower keep of Scarborough Castle, Yorkshire, England is built.
  • 1157
    The castle of Eltz, Germany is built by the counts of Eltz.
  • 1165 - 1173
    Orford Castle, Suffolk, England is built and has a circular tower keep with attached rectangular turrets.
  • 1168 - 1178
    A tower keep is added to Newcastle Castle, England.
  • c. 1170 - 1189
    Henry II extends Dover Castle in southern England, adding outer walls and a keep.
  • c. 1170
    Henry II builds the Round Tower of Windsor Castle, England.
  • 1174
    The castle of Munzenberg, Hesse, Germany is built.
  • 1180 - 1190
    The tower keep is built at Conisbrough Castle, Doncaster, England.
  • 1180
    The Castle of the Counts of Flanders, Ghent, Belgium is built.
  • c. 1180 - 1205
    Carrickfergus castle, Northern Ireland is built.
  • 1186
    The Knights Hospitaller gain control of Marqab (Margat) castle in Syria.
  • c. 1190
    Sir William Marshal begins rebuilding Chepstow Castle in Wales.
  • c. 1190 - 1200
    The castle of Trim, the largest Anglo-Norman castle in Ireland is built.
  • 1198
    Chateau Gaillard in Normandy, France is built by Richard I of England.
  • 1199 - 1219
    Sir William Marshal adds a circular tower keep to Pembroke Castle, Wales.
  • c. 1200
    The tower keep of Barnard Castle, County Durham, England is built.
  • 1202
    An earthquake damages the castle of Krak des Chevaliers in Syria which is then rebuilt and enlarged by the Knights Hospitaller.
  • 1205
    Philip II of France adds a tower keep to Chinon Castle, France.
  • 1206
    A round tower keep is built into the curtain walls of Gisors, Normandy, France.
  • c. 1207 - c. 1214
    King John adds towers to the walls of Dover Castle in southern England.
  • 1216
    The castle of Calatrava la Nueva, Castile is built by the Order of Calatrava.
  • 1218
    The Château Pèlerin ("Pilgrim Castle") is built in Israel by the Knights Templar.
  • 1222 - 1235
    The Great Hall of Winchester Castle is built.
  • 1223
    Work is begun on Montgomery Castle, Wales by Hubert de Burgh.
  • c. 1225
    A circular tower keep is built at Chateau de Coucy, northern France
  • 1230 - 1240
    The curtain walls and round towers of Angers Castle, central France, are built by Louis IX.
  • 1233
    Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II rebuilds the castle of Bari, southern Italy.
  • 1240
    Dirleton Castle, East Lothian, Scotland is built with a massive circular tower keep.
  • 1245
    Clifford's Tower shell keep is built at York, England on the site of a former motte and bailey castle.
  • 1250 - 1265
    A double-towered gatehouse is added to Tonbridge Castle, Kent, England by Richard de Clare.
  • 1250 - 1260
    The castle of Najac in southern France is built.
  • 1268
    Construction of Caerphilly Castle in Wales is begun by Gilbert de Clare, Earl of Gloucester.
  • 1282 - 1289
    Harlech Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1282
    The Castel Nuovo of Naples, southern Italy is built by the Angevins.
  • 1283 - 1330
    Caernarfon Castle in Wales is built, a project begun by Edward I of England.
  • 1283 - 1330
    Harlech Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1283 - 1292
    Conwy Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1285
    A new Great Hall is completed at Chepstow Castle.
  • c. 1287 - 1293
    The Marten's Tower is added to Chepstow Castle, Wales.
  • 1290
    The castle of Falkenberg, Bavaria, Germany is built.
  • 1295
    Beaumaris Castle in Wales is built by Edward I of England.
  • 1322
    The Castle of Sarzanello, Pisa, Italy is built by Castruccio Castracane.
  • 1341
    The Great Hall is built at Penshurst Castle, Kent, England.
  • c. 1350
    The Caesar's Tower is built at Warwick Castle, Warwickshire, England.
  • 1354
    Scalliger Castle, Verona, Italy is built by Can Grande II della Scala.
  • 1380
    The Castello della Rocca of Cesena, Italy is built.
  • 1385
    Bodiam Castle in East Sussex, England is built.
  • 1385
    The Castello d'Este, Ferrara, Italy is built.
  • 1390 - 1400
    The castle of Pierrefonds, northern France is built by Louis D'Orleans.
  • 1412
    The Castello Sforzesco, Milan - the largest castle in Italy - is built by Francesco Sforza.
  • 1450
    The castle of Peñafiel, northern Spain is built.