Charles I of England Timeline

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  • 19 Nov 1600
    Birth of Charles, second son of James VI of Scotland and the future Charles I of England.
  • 1625 - 1649
  • 1625
    Charles I of England marries Henrietta Maria, the young sister of Louis XIII of France.
  • 1626
    The English launch a disastrous attack on Cadiz.
  • 1628
    The English Parliament issues its Petition of Right.
  • Jun 1628
    The English launch a disastrous attack on La Rochelle.
  • 1629
    A peace treaty is signed between England and France.
  • Mar 1629
    Charles I of England dissolves Parliament and will not recall it for 11 years.
  • 1630
    Charles, son of Charles I of England and future Charles II of England, is born.
  • Aug 1630
    A peace treaty is signed between England and Spain.
  • 1632
    Charles I of England appoints Anthony van Dyck as his court artist.
  • 1633
    James, son of Charles I of England and future James II of England, is born.
  • 1633
    Charles I of England appoints William Laud as the Archbishop of Canterbury.
  • 1637
    Charles I of England attempts to impose a new and unpopular Common Prayer Book in Scotland.
  • 1640
    A scottish army invades northern England and occupies Newcastle.
  • 1640
    The Short and Long Parliaments debate funds for an army for Charles I of England.
  • 1641
    A major rebellion breaks out in Ireland against English rule.
  • Nov 1641
    Parliament passes the Grand Remonstrance listing the abuses of power by Charles I of England.
  • 1642 - 1651
    The English Civil Wars between Parliamentarians ('Roundheads') and Royalists ('Cavaliers').
  • 1642 - 1646
    The First English Civil War.
  • Jan 1642
    Charles I of England attempts to arrest five Members of Parliament.
  • 23 Oct 1642
    The Royalists defeat the Parliamentarians at the battle at Edgehill in Warwickshire during the English Civil Wars.
  • 2 Jul 1644
    The Parliamentarians, with the help of Scottish troops, defeat the Royalists at the battle of Marston Moor during the English Civil Wars.
  • 14 Jun 1645
    The Parliamentarians defeat the Royalists at the Battle of Naseby during the English Civil Wars.
  • Jan 1647
    The Scots hand over Charles I of England to the English.
  • Nov 1647
    Charles I of England escapes from his capitivity and stays on the Isle of Wight.
  • Feb 1648 - Aug 1648
    The Second English Civil War when a Scottish army attempts and fails to restore Charles I of England.
  • 1 Dec 1648
    A group of Parliamentarian officers captures Charles I of England on the Isle of Wight.
  • 20 Jan 1649
    Charles I of England is put on trial by Parliament and found guilty of treason.
  • 30 Jan 1649
    Execution of Charles I of England. The monarchy is abolished.