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Visual Chronology of Roman Emperors: Augustus to Constantine

Article

Mark Cartwright
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published on 19 December 2015
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The Julio-Claudian Dynasty

Augustus as Pontifex Maximus (Detail)
Augustus as Pontifex Maximus (Detail)
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Augustus 16 Jan 27 BCE - 19 Aug 14 CE

Tiberius, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
Tiberius, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
Cnyborg (CC BY-SA)

Tiberius 18 Sep 14 CE - 16 Mar 37 CE

Caligula, Ny Carlsberg Glypotek
Caligula, Ny Carlsberg Glypotek
Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA)

Caligula 18 Mar 37 CE - 24 Jan 41 CE

Claudius Bust, Milan
Claudius Bust, Milan
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Claudius 25 Jan 41 CE - 13 Oct 54 CE 

Roman Emperor Nero
Roman Emperor Nero
cjh1452000 (CC BY-SA)

Nero 13 Oct 54 CE - 11 Jun 68 CE

Roman Emperor Galba
Roman Emperor Galba
Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA)

Galba 8 Jun 68 CE - 15 Jan 69 CE

Roman Emperor Otho
Roman Emperor Otho
Mary Harrsch (Photographed at the Musèe du Louvre) (CC BY-NC-SA)

Otho 15 Jan 69 CE - 16 Apr 69 CE

Vitellius, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
Vitellius, Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek
Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA)

Vitellius 17 Apr 69 CE - 20 Dec 69 CE

The Flavian Dynasty

Roman Emperor Vespasian, Palazzo Massimo
Roman Emperor Vespasian, Palazzo Massimo
Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA)

Vespasian 26 Dec 69 CE - 23 Jun 79 CE

Titus Bust, Vatican Museums
Titus Bust, Vatican Museums
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Titus 24 Jun 79 CE - 13 Sep 81 CE

Roman Emperor Domitian, Louvre
Roman Emperor Domitian, Louvre
Mary Harrsch (Photographed at the Musée de Louvre) (CC BY-NC-SA)

Domitian 14 Sep 81 CE - 18 Sep 96 CE

The Adoptive Emperors

Nerva
Nerva
Mary Harrsch (Photographed at the Capitoline Museum, Rome) (CC BY-NC-SA)

Nerva 18 Sep 96 CE - 27 Jan 98 CE

Trajan Bust, Vatican Museums
Trajan Bust, Vatican Museums
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Trajan 28 Jan 98 CE - 7 Aug 117 CE

Hadrian Bust, Vatican Museums
Hadrian Bust, Vatican Museums
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Hadrian 11 Aug 117 CE - 10 Jul 138 CE

Bust of Antoninus Pius
Bust of Antoninus Pius
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Antoninus Pius 10 Jul 138 CE - 9 Mar 161 CE

Marble Bust of Lucius Verus
Marble Bust of Lucius Verus
Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA)
.Lucius Verus 161 CE - 169 CE

Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius
Bibi Saint-Pol (Public Domain)

Marcus Aurelius 7 Mar 161 CE - 17 Mar 180 CE

Commodus
Commodus
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Commodus 17 Mar 180 CE - 31 Dec 192 CE

Pertinax Sestertius
Pertinax Sestertius
Classical Numismatic Group (CC BY-SA)

Pertinax 1 Jan 193 CE - 28 Mar 193 CE

Didius Julianus
Didius Julianus
Panairjjde (CC BY-SA)

Didius Julianus 28 Mar 193 CE - 1 Jun 193 CE

Pescennius Niger
Pescennius Niger
Sailko (CC BY-SA)

Pescennius Niger 193 CE - 194 CE

Clodius Albinus
Clodius Albinus
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Clodius Albinus 193 CE - 197 CE

The Severan Dynasty

Septimius Severus, Glyptothek Munich
Septimius Severus, Glyptothek Munich
Bibi Saint-Pol (Public Domain)

Septimius Severus 9 Apr 193 CE - 4 Feb 211 CE

Geta
Geta
Jastrow (Public Domain)

Geta 211 CE - 212 CE

Caracalla, Ny Carslberg Glyptotek
Caracalla, Ny Carslberg Glyptotek
Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA)

Caracalla Dec 211 CE - 8 Apr 217 CE

Macrinus
Macrinus
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Macrinus 11 Apr 217 CE - 8 Jun 218 CE

Roman Emperor Elagabalus
Roman Emperor Elagabalus
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Elagabalus 8 Jun 218 CE - 11 Mar 222 CE

Severus Alexander Bust, Milan
Severus Alexander Bust, Milan
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Alexander Severus 13 Mar 222 CE - 18 Mar 235 CE

Maximinus I
Maximinus I
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Maximinus Thrax Mar 235 CE - May 238 CE

Gordian I
Gordian I
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Gordian I 238 CE

Gordian III
Gordian III
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Gordian III 238 CE - 244 CE

Roman Coin of Philip the Arab
Roman Coin of Philip the Arab
Christopher Willis (GNU FDL)

Philip the Arab 244 CE - 249 CE

Decius
Decius
Egisto Sani (used with permission) (Copyright)

Decius 249 CE - 251 CE

Trebonianus Gallus
Trebonianus Gallus
Louisonze (CC BY-SA)

Trebonianus Gallus 251 CE - 253 CE

Valerian I
Valerian I
Medium69 (CC BY-SA)

Valerian 253 CE - 260 CE

Gallienus, Vatican Museums
Gallienus, Vatican Museums
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Gallienus 253 CE - 268 CE

The Gallic Emperors

Coin Depicting Roman Emperor Postumus
Coin Depicting Roman Emperor Postumus
wikipedia user: PHGCOM (Public Domain)

Postumus 259 CE - 268 CE

Victorinus
Victorinus
wikipedia user: Cropbot (Public Domain)

Victorinus 268 - 270 CE

Coin Depicting Roman Emperor Tetricus
Coin Depicting Roman Emperor Tetricus
Rasiel Suarez (CC BY-SA)

Tetricus 270 CE - 273 CE

The Illyrian Emperors

Roman Emperor Claudius II
Roman Emperor Claudius II
Ronan.guilloux (CC BY-SA)

Claudius II Gothicus 268 CE - 270 CE

Coin Depicting Roman Emperor Aurelian
Coin Depicting Roman Emperor Aurelian
Wikipedia User: CNG (CC BY-SA)

Aurelian Sep 270 CE - c. Sep 275 CE

Marcus Claudius Tacitus
Marcus Claudius Tacitus
MobyDick (Public Domain)

Tacitus 275 CE - 276 CE

Probus
Probus
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Probus 276 CE - 282 CE

Carus
Carus
Rasiel Suarez (CC BY-SA)

Carus 282 CE - 283 CE

Numerian
Numerian
CharlesS (CC BY-SA)

Numerian 283 CE - 284 CE

Carinus
Carinus
Wikipedia User: TcfkaPanairjdde (CC BY-SA)

Carinus 283 CE - 285 CE 

Roman Emperor Diocletian
Roman Emperor Diocletian
Carole Raddato (CC BY-SA)

Diocletian 284 CE - 305 CE

The Tetrarchy

Maximianus
Maximianus
Olybrius (CC BY)
Maximianus 286 CE - 305 CE (West)

Constantius Chlorus
Constantius Chlorus
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Constantius 305 - 306 CE (West)

Galerius
Galerius
Peter Roan (CC BY-NC-SA)

Galerius 305 CE - 311 CE (East)

Maxentius
Maxentius
Shakko (CC BY)

Maxentius 306 CE -312 CE (West)

Licinius
Licinius
Digital Imaging (CC BY-SA)

Licinius 308 CE - 324 CE (East)

Constantine I
Constantine I
Mark Cartwright (CC BY-NC-SA)

Constantine I 306-337 CE

Editorial Review This article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication.
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About the Author

Mark Cartwright
Mark is a history writer based in Italy. His special interests include pottery, architecture, world mythology and discovering the ideas that all civilizations share in common. He holds an MA in Political Philosophy and is the Publishing Director at WHE.

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Cite This Work

APA Style

Cartwright, M. (2015, December 19). Visual Chronology of Roman Emperors: Augustus to Constantine. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/article/677/visual-chronology-of-roman-emperors-augustus-to-co/

Chicago Style

Cartwright, Mark. "Visual Chronology of Roman Emperors: Augustus to Constantine." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified December 19, 2015. https://www.worldhistory.org/article/677/visual-chronology-of-roman-emperors-augustus-to-co/.

MLA Style

Cartwright, Mark. "Visual Chronology of Roman Emperors: Augustus to Constantine." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 19 Dec 2015. Web. 09 May 2021.