Pax Romana or the Roman Peace Explained


Kelly Macquire
by and
published on 07 May 2023

The Pax Romana (Roman Peace) was a period of relative peace and stability across the Roman Empire which lasted for over 200 years, beginning with the reign of Augustus (27 BCE - 14 CE). The aim of Augustus and his successors was to guarantee law, order, and security within the empire, even if this meant separating it from the rest of the world and defending, or even expanding, its borders through military intervention and conquest.

Throughout the existence of both the Roman Republic and Empire, the borders of Rome continually expanded. Besides the initial territorial conquests after the Punic Wars, the eternal city added land in the Balkans, Middle East, and North Africa. Later, they would move westward into Gaul, Spain and northward into Germany and Britain. Through the triumphs of Caesar, Augustus, Claudius, and Marcus Aurelius, Rome became one of largest empires that had ever existed, greater than that of Persia, Assyria, and even challenging that of Alexander the Great. However, a territory that large caused many difficulties, many of them costly - riots, rebellions and insurrections were rampant. The solution to many of these problems came under the astute leadership of Emperor Augustus - it was called the Pax Romana or Roman Peace.



0:00​ Introduction
0:56 What is Pax Romana?
2:02 Life Before Pax Romana
4:21 Augustus and the Roman Peace
6:12 Augustus’ Successors and the End of Pax Romana
8:20 Outro

Pax Romana
Ara Pacis Augustae
Reforms of Augustus
Augustus' Political, Social, & Moral Reforms–moral-reforms/

Roman Empire
Roman Republic
Julius Caesar
Julio-Claudian Dynasty
Western Roman Empire
Eastern Roman Empire

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

World History Encyclopedia

#ancientrome #romanpeace #history

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2023, May 07). Pax Romana or the Roman Peace Explained. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Pax Romana or the Roman Peace Explained." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified May 07, 2023.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Pax Romana or the Roman Peace Explained." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 07 May 2023. Web. 24 Apr 2024.