History of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty of the Roman Empire


Kelly Macquire
published on 14 June 2022

The Julio-Claudian dynasty was the first dynasty to rule the Roman Empire. Octavian, the adopted son of the Dictator for life of the Roman Republic, Julius Caesar, became the first emperor of Rome after defeating Julius Caesar’s enemies after his assassination, and the senate changed his name, upon ascension to the throne, to Augustus. The Julio-Claudian dynasty consisted of five emperors: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius, and finally Nero.

Octavian (later given the title of Augustus) was the first emperor of Rome. Augustus’ reign was a golden age for Rome. He restored and kept the peace in the Empire (the Pax Romana) which allowed the economy, the arts, culture, and agriculture to flourish. Tiberius, the second emperor of Rome didn’t really seem to want to be emperor after his adoptive father, but that was the path chosen for him by his mother and Augustus’ third wife Livia Drusilla. During his time as emperor, Tiberius became increasingly paranoid and cruel, and he ordered many tried for treason based on his often unreasonable fears.

At the beginning of Caligula’s reign, he finished off many of the building projects started by Tiberius as well as increased the number of public games and festivals. After only four years on the throne, Caligula was murdered in 41 CE by his own guard and Claudius, the man often ridiculed by Caligula, became the next Roman emperor. He had Caligula’s assassins executed and brought relative peace to Rome. In 54 CE Nero took the throne of the Roman empire and went about cancelling many of Caludius’ decrees and edicts. After the death of Nero, the Juli0-Claudian Dynasty came to an end.

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0:00​ Introduction
0:33 Travel to Ancient Greece with us!
1:08 What is the Julio Claudian Dynasty?
2:20 Rome's First Emperor: Augustus Caesar
5:11 The Reluctant Emperor Tiberius
7:10 The Short-Lived Emperor Caligula
9:06 The Best of Augustus' Successors: Claudius
10:45 The Final Julio-Claudian: Nero
13:43 Support us on Patreon!

Rome under the Julio-Claudian Dynasty https://www.worldhistory.org/article/1468/rome-under-the-julio-claudian-dynasty/
Augustus https://www.worldhistory.org/augustus/
Tiberius https://www.worldhistory.org/Tiberius/
Caligula https://www.worldhistory.org/Caligula/
Claudius https://www.worldhistory.org/claudius/
Nero https://www.worldhistory.org/Nero/
Pax Romana https://www.worldhistory.org/Pax_Romana/
Livia Drusilla https://www.worldhistory.org/Livia_Drusilla/
Reforms of Augustus https://www.worldhistory.org/article/905/reforms-of-augustus/

Julius Caesar - His Life, Achievements and Assassination https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nkZILWlSN3A
Ancient Roman Art and Architecture https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=agbRzU7DZIk&
Ancient Roman Games, Sports and Spectacles https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AnNMV3sZPas
The Roman Invasion of Britain with Richard Hingley https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YNfdfuH7z1c
An Introduction to the Ancient Roman Religion and Mythology https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kkNRUBZ9GjI

You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here - https://worldhistory.typehut.com/history-of-the-julio-claudian-dynasty-of-the-roman-empire-images-and-attributions-9835

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Helen Cook
CC BY SA 2.0 - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/

Janmad on basis of the picture by Jastrow → Image:Great Cameo of France CdM Paris Bab264 n1.jpg / Marie-Lan Nguyen
CC BY SA 3.0 - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/) / [GNU Free Documentation License - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU_Free_Documentation_License

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#julioclaudian #augustuscaesar #ancientrome

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2022, June 14). History of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty of the Roman Empire. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2785/history-of-the-julio-claudian-dynasty-of-the-roman/

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "History of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty of the Roman Empire." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified June 14, 2022. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2785/history-of-the-julio-claudian-dynasty-of-the-roman/.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "History of the Julio-Claudian Dynasty of the Roman Empire." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 14 Jun 2022. Web. 25 May 2024.