The Battle of Kadesh was waged between Ancient Egypt under the rule of Ramesses II (also known as Ramesses the Great), and the Hittite Empire under King Muwatalli II. According to Egyptian chronology, the battle was fought in 1274 BCE at the city of Kadesh, a city in Syria that was an important trade centre in the ancient world. Not only is the Battle of Kadesh the best-recorded conflict from the ancient world, but it's the earliest battle whose formations and tactics are known and fully documented.
After Ramesses received the omens he needed, he led the Amun division of his forces out of the gates of the grand city he had built, Per-Ramesses, with the Ra, Ptah and Set divisions following, totalling around 20,000 men. The Hittite army was close at hand, and Ramesses II soon found himself and his division ambushed and overrun by Hittites. The Egyptians, using their chariots, and with the Hittite forces either drowning in the river or being slaughtered on land, drove the rest of the Hittite forces from the field. Ramesses II was most proud of this victory over the Hittites, but Muwatalli also claimed victory since he did not surrender the city of Kadesh to the Egyptians.
The aftermath of the battle resulted in the first known peace treaty in history, known as the Treaty of Kadesh. In 1258 BCE the Treaty of Kadesh was signed and included terms such as if a person of importance were to seek refuge in the other’s territory, they had to be returned. The Treaty of Kadesh initiated a period of open trade relations between Egypt and the Hittites until the fall of the Hittite Empire around 1200 BCE.
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Macquire, K. (2021, May 25). The Battle of Kadesh: Ancient Egypt vs. The Hittites. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2550/the-battle-of-kadesh-ancient-egypt-vs-the-hittites/
Macquire, Kelly. "The Battle of Kadesh: Ancient Egypt vs. The Hittites." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified May 25, 2021. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2550/the-battle-of-kadesh-ancient-egypt-vs-the-hittites/.
Macquire, Kelly. "The Battle of Kadesh: Ancient Egypt vs. The Hittites." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 25 May 2021. Web. 17 Sep 2021.