The Ancient City of Babylon: History of the Babylonian Empire

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Kelly Macquire
published on 30 April 2021

The ancient city of Babylon was a city in Mesopotamia which is now modern-day Iraq. The city of Babylon is so well known to many due to the many references to it in the Bible, although none of them are particularly glowing comments. The history of Babylon and the Babylonian Empire dates back thousands of years, and apart from its mentions in the Bible, Babylon is known for many things including its impressive Ishtar Gate, magnificent walls and buildings, the belief that it was a great seat of culture and learning and the, potentially fantastical, Hanging Gardens of Babylon built by Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife.

Although some ancient sources say that Sargon of Akkad, also known as Sargon the Great founded the city of Babylon, it is widely believed that Babylon was already founded prior to the reign of Sargon. Unfortunately, the ruins of Old Babylon have been lost to us since the water level has steadily risen over the years, and the ruins which are visible today date to over one thousand years after the city was founded! The known history of Babylon begins with its most famous king, Hammurabi who is best known for his law code.



0:00​ Introduction
0:46 The City of Babylon
2:05 The Beginning of Babylon
2:52 The Known History of Babylon
5:57 The Neo-Babylonian Empire
7:39 The Decline of Babylon
10:22 Outro

Hanging Gardens of Babylon
Nebuchadnezzar II
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent - A Short History
A Short History of Sumer and the Sumerian Civilization from Mesopotamia
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World: an Overview
Interview with the Creators of Old World, an Ancient History Strategy Game
The Life and Death of Ancient Cities: Interview with Greg Woolf

You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here -

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Old World / Mohawk Games

World History Encyclopedia

#babylon #babylonianempire #ancientcity

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2021, April 30). The Ancient City of Babylon: History of the Babylonian Empire. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Ancient City of Babylon: History of the Babylonian Empire." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified April 30, 2021.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Ancient City of Babylon: History of the Babylonian Empire." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 30 Apr 2021. Web. 14 Jul 2024.