The ancient city of Babylon was a city in Mesopotamia which is now modern-day Iraq. The city of Babylon is so well known to many due to the many references to it in the Bible, although none of them are particularly glowing comments. The history of Babylon and the Babylonian Empire dates back thousands of years, and apart from its mentions in the Bible, Babylon is known for many things including its impressive Ishtar Gate, magnificent walls and buildings, the belief that it was a great seat of culture and learning and the, potentially fantastical, Hanging Gardens of Babylon built by Nebuchadnezzar II for his wife.
Although some ancient sources say that Sargon of Akkad, also known as Sargon the Great founded the city of Babylon, it is widely believed that Babylon was already founded prior to the reign of Sargon. Unfortunately, the ruins of Old Babylon have been lost to us since the water level has steadily risen over the years, and the ruins which are visible today date to over one thousand years after the city was founded! The known history of Babylon begins with its most famous king, Hammurabi who is best known for his law code.
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— CHAPTERS —
0:46 The City of Babylon
2:05 The Beginning of Babylon
2:52 The Known History of Babylon
5:57 The Neo-Babylonian Empire
7:39 The Decline of Babylon
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Hanging Gardens of Babylon https://www.worldhistory.org/Hanging_Gardens_of_Babylon/
Nebuchadnezzar II https://www.worldhistory.org/Nebuchadnezzar_II/
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World https://www.worldhistory.org/The_Seven_Wonders/
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Mesopotamia and the Fertile Crescent - A Short History https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vPVfhc9QiNY&list=PLRIPanKDxKpsfjioCoBcFboYu6soDHGvk&index=3&t=186s
A Short History of Sumer and the Sumerian Civilization from Mesopotamia https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JS4dc1lEhZk&list=PLRIPanKDxKpsfjioCoBcFboYu6soDHGvk&index=4&t=130s
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World: an Overview https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1YWPMZ6pHm8
Interview with the Creators of Old World, an Ancient History Strategy Game https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gzeaPxpUNms&t=172s
The Life and Death of Ancient Cities: Interview with Greg Woolf https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=elCJtSQsvg4&list=PLRIPanKDxKpuf9-EIbmYvTvtdT5E6cRdR&index=2
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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:
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Cite This Work
Macquire, K. (2021, April 30). The Ancient City of Babylon: History of the Babylonian Empire. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2505/the-ancient-city-of-babylon-history-of-the-babylon/
Macquire, Kelly. "The Ancient City of Babylon: History of the Babylonian Empire." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified April 30, 2021. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2505/the-ancient-city-of-babylon-history-of-the-babylon/.
Macquire, Kelly. "The Ancient City of Babylon: History of the Babylonian Empire." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 30 Apr 2021. Web. 25 Nov 2022.