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A Gallery of Ancient Egyptian Temples
Image Gallery by Joshua J. Mark

A Gallery of Ancient Egyptian Temples

The temple in ancient Egypt was the home of the deity it was built for, and the clergy attended the statue of that god or goddess as they would a living person. Every temple was designed with a forecourt, a reception area for public gatherings...
Ancient Egypt: Government & Religion
Collection by Joshua J. Mark

Ancient Egypt: Government & Religion

Government and religion in ancient Egypt were fully integrated beginning with the First Dynasty of Egypt (c. 3150 to c. 2890 BCE). The king was understood as a representative of a god, the specific deity sometimes changing with different...
Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt
Collection by Joshua J. Mark

Everyday Life in Ancient Egypt

Daily life in ancient Egypt was lived with an awareness of the gods and the understanding that they had given the people the gift of the most perfect place on earth. Ancient Egyptians worked at their jobs and performed community service for...
A Gallery of Ziggurats of Ancient Mesopotamia
Image Gallery by Joshua J. Mark

A Gallery of Ziggurats of Ancient Mesopotamia

A ziggurat is an artificial mountain built by the ancient Mesopotamians to elevate the clergy toward the realm of the gods. A form of monumental architecture, the ziggurat had a rectangular base from which a series of steps rose to a flat...
Daily Life in the London Blitz
Collection by Mark Cartwright

Daily Life in the London Blitz

In this collection of resources, we examine daily life during the London Blitz, the period of intense bombing of the British capital from 1940 to 1941 during the Second World War (1939-45). We look at Nazi Germany's objectives for the bombing...
Magic & Medicine in Ancient Egypt
Collection by Joshua J. Mark

Magic & Medicine in Ancient Egypt

Magic and medicine in ancient Egypt were understood as gifts from the god Heka, who presided over both, and were used together – or interchangeably – by medical professionals in treating patients. 'Magic' was recognized as the act of drawing...
Writing in Ancient Egypt
Collection by Joshua J. Mark

Writing in Ancient Egypt

Writing in ancient Egypt developed sometime prior to the Early Dynastic Period (c. 3150-2613 BCE) and came to be recognized as a gift of the god Thoth who empowered humanity through the written word. Writing preserved memory, honored the...
The Normandy Landings
Collection by Mark Cartwright

The Normandy Landings

In this collection of resources, we look at the events of D-Day, 6 June 1944, when the Allies stormed the Normandy beaches in France on the first day of a campaign to free Western Europe from occupation by Nazi Germany during the Second World...
A Gallery of 20 Mummies from around the World
Image Gallery by Ibolya Horváth

A Gallery of 20 Mummies from around the World

Mummification is the natural or artificial preservation of the soft tissue of a dead body. Natural mummification can happen in extremely cold, dry, or anaerobic conditions. Perhaps the most famous example of a natural mummy preserved in ice...
25 Images of Roman Gladiators
Image Gallery by Carole Raddato

25 Images of Roman Gladiators

This gallery features images of Roman gladiators. In ancient Rome, gladiators were professional combatants who entertained audiences in the Roman Republic and Roman Empire by violently confronting other gladiators and wild animals. They fought...
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