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Elite Warriors in History
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Elite Warriors in History

Winning battles and forging empires was not just about numbers but also the quality of the troops at any commander's disposal. The best-trained, best-equipped and most experienced fighters could be moulded into devastating units that could...
Ancient Societies
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Ancient Societies

In this collection of resources, we look at ancient societies and examine who was at the top of the social ladder, who were the climbers and who were at the very bottom. In places like ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome men largely dominated...
The Empires of West Africa
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

The Empires of West Africa

The ancient and medieval Mediterranean might have been a bustling stage of ever-changing empires but, across the inhospitable barrier of the Sahara Desert, West Africans were equally busy building up and toppling down their own kingdoms and...
Changing Worlds: Climate & Disaster in Antiquity
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Changing Worlds: Climate & Disaster in Antiquity

Although climate change has today become a much bigger and more globalized problem than in the past, ancient peoples did have to contend with local events that severely disrupted or even ended their way of life as they knew it. A long series...
Medicine in the Ancient World
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Medicine in the Ancient World

In the ancient world the gods were often held responsible for one's good health and making offerings to them, reading out spells or wearing amulets was a common way to make sure illness stayed far away but there soon developed a whole body...
The 12 Olympian Gods
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

The 12 Olympian Gods

The 12 gods of Mount Olympus were the most important deities in ancient Greece and in this collection we examine each one in detail. With their all-too-human qualities in Greek mythology, the Olympian gods were capable of displaying great...
Architecture in the Ancient World
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Architecture in the Ancient World

One of the lasting contributions ancient cultures have made to modern life is architecture, both in terms of surviving monuments and their influence on contemporary buildings around the world. Ambitious rulers set up pyramids in Egypt and...
Warfare in Ancient China
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Warfare in Ancient China

Chinese warfare involved perhaps the largest and most technologically advanced armies in the ancient world. Chariots, cavalry, swords, bows and crossbows were all staple features of the battles which raged as rulers forever struggled to dominate...
Trade in the Middle Ages
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

Trade in the Middle Ages

Peoples, cities and states have traded since antiquity but in the medieval period, things escalated so that goods travelled ever greater distances by land, river and sea. Great cities arose thanks to commerce and international trade such...
A History of the Crusades
Collectionby Mark Cartwright

A History of the Crusades

The Crusades were a series of military campaigns waged between Christians and Muslims, Christians and pagans (the Northern Crusades), and Christians against Christians (the Fourth Crusade and the Albigensian Crusade). This complex series...
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