Stone Age

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3411 / $18000


From the dawn of our species to the present day, stone-made artefacts are the dominant form of material remains that have survived to today concerning human technology.

More about: Stone Age


  • c. 2600000 BCE - c. 12000 BCE
    The Pleistocene epoch, ranging from c. 2,6 million years ago until c. 12,000 years ago. It is characterised by repeated cycles of glacials and interglacials.
  • c. 2600000 BCE - c. 12000 BCE
    The Palaeolithic (or Old Stone Age) period, ranging from c. 2,6 million years ago until c. 12,000 years ago.
  • 40000 BCE - 10000 BCE
    Venus figurines are produced in Europe.
  • c. 17000 BCE - 15000 BCE
    Lascaux cave paintings.
  • c. 12000 BCE - c. 9000 BCE
    The Mesolithic (or Middle Stone Age), lasting from the end of the last Ice Age until the start of agriculture, between c. 9000-c. 4000 BCE.
  • c. 11700 BCE
    End of the most recent glacial episode within the current Quaternary Ice Age.
  • 9000 BCE
    Cultivation of wild cereals in the Fertile Crescent.
  • 9000 BCE
    Wild sheep flocks are managed in the Zagros mountains.
  • c. 9000 BCE - c. 3300 BCE
    The Neolithic (or New Stone Age), lasting from the start of agriculture between c. 9000-c. 4000 BCE until the beginning of bronze use c. 3300 BCE.
  • 8000 BCE
    Ovens in use in the Near East are applied to pottery production.
  • 7500 BCE
    Long-distance trade in obsidian begins.
  • 7000 BCE
    Domestication of goats.
  • 6700 BCE
    Domestication of sheep.
  • 6500 BCE
    Domestication of pigs.
  • 6500 BCE
    Textiles of flax.
  • c. 6200 BCE
    First copper smelting in Anatolia.
  • c. 6000 BCE
    First irrigation.
  • 6000 BCE
    Domestication of cattle.
  • 5000 BCE
    Irrigation and agriculture begin in earnest in Mesopotamia.
  • 5000 BCE
    Hierarchical societies emerge in southeast Europe.
  • 5000 BCE - 3000 BCE
    Megalithic structures erected at Carnac, north-west France.
  • 5000 BCE - 4000 BCE
    Megaliths are erected at the Neolithic site of Locmariaquer, north-west France.
  • 4500 BCE
    Invention of the plow.
  • 4300 BCE
    First megalithic tombs in Europe.
  • 4000 BCE
    Use of wool for textiles.
  • 3650 BCE
    Invention of the wheel.