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Carthaginian Warfare
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Carthaginian Warfare

Carthaginian warfare has been overshadowed by defeat to Rome in the Punic Wars, but for six centuries before that Carthage was remarkably successful in conquering lucrative territories in North Africa, the Iberian Peninsula, and Sicily. By...
Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida (UNESCO/NHK)
Videoby UNESCO TV NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai

Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida (UNESCO/NHK)

The colony of Augusta Emerita, which became present-day Mérida in Estremadura, was founded in 25 B.C. at the end of the Spanish Campaign and was the capital of Lusitania. The well-preserved remains of the old city include, in particular...
Roman Walls of Lugo (UNESCO/NHK)
Videoby UNESCO TV NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai

Roman Walls of Lugo (UNESCO/NHK)

The walls of Lugo in northern Spain were built in the later part of the 3rd century A.D. to defend the Roman town of Lucus. The entire circuit survives intact and is the finest example of late Roman fortifications in western Europe. Source...
Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco (UNESCO/NHK)
Videoby UNESCO TV NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai

Archaeological Ensemble of Tárraco (UNESCO/NHK)

Tárraco (modern-day Tarragona) was a major administrative and mercantile city in Roman Spain and the centre of the Imperial cult for all the Iberian provinces. It was endowed with many fine buildings, and parts of these have been revealed...
Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct (UNESCO/NHK)
Videoby UNESCO TV NHK Nippon Hoso Kyokai

Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct (UNESCO/NHK)

The Roman aqueduct of Segovia, probably built c. A.D. 50, is remarkably well preserved. This impressive construction, with its two tiers of arches, forms part of the setting of the magnificent historic city of Segovia. Other important monuments...
The Armies of the Crusades
Articleby Mark Cartwright

The Armies of the Crusades

The armies of the Crusades (11th-15th centuries CE), which saw Christians and Muslims struggle for control of territories in the Middle East and elsewhere, could involve over 100,000 men on either side who came from all over Europe to form...
Knights Templar
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Knights Templar

The Knights Templar, established c. 1119 CE and given papal recognition in 1129 CE, was a Catholic medieval military order whose members combined martial prowess with a monastic life for the purpose of defending Christian holy sites and pilgrims...
Celtic Warrior
Definitionby Mark Cartwright

Celtic Warrior

The warriors of Celtic Europe were amongst the most distinctive of any fighters in the ancient world. With their great height, long hair and moustaches, frequent nakedness, painted and tattooed bodies, and fondness for collecting enemy heads...
Migration Age
Definitionby Jan van der Crabben

Migration Age

The Migration Period, also called the Barbarian Invasions or German: Völkerwanderung (wandering of the peoples), was a period of human migration that occurred roughly between 300 to 700 CE in Europe, marking the transition from Late...
Justinian I
Definitionby Will Wyeth

Justinian I

Justinian I reigned as emperor of the Byzantine Empire from 527 to 565 CE. Born around 482 CE in Tauresium, a village in Illyria, his uncle Emperor Justin I was an imperial bodyguard who reached the throne on the death of Anastasius in 518...