The Life and Death of Mary Queen of Scots


Kelly Macquire
by and
published on 18 October 2023

Mary, Queen of Scots was the queen of both Scotland (r. 1542-1567) and briefly, France (r. 1559-1560). Obliged to flee Scotland, the queen was imprisoned for 19 years by Elizabeth I of England (r. 1558-1603) and finally executed for treason on 8 February 1587.

Brought up in France and then marrying the heir to the French throne, Mary's world was turned upside down when her husband Francis II died in 1560 one year into his reign. The queen returned to Scotland but her Catholic views clashed with Protestants there and two more husbands and murder plots further discredited her reign. Following her forced abdication by Scottish nobles, Mary fled to England where she plotted unsuccessfully to oust her cousin Elizabeth I of England.



0:00​ Introduction
0:42 Who is Mary Queen of Scots?
1:58 Mary as Queen of France
3:13 Queen Mary in Scotland
5:58 Mary Queen of Scots and Elizabeth I of England
8:23 Outro

Mary, Queen of Scots
Elizabeth I of England
Mary of Guise
John Knox
James V of Scotland

The Real History of the Library of Alexandria
The Birthplace of Western Philosophy - History of Ionia
The Poet and Scholar Callimachus of Cyrene
The Wars of the Roses: Causes and Consequences

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2023, October 18). The Life and Death of Mary Queen of Scots. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Life and Death of Mary Queen of Scots." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified October 18, 2023.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Life and Death of Mary Queen of Scots." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 18 Oct 2023. Web. 19 Apr 2024.