The Wars of the Roses: Causes and Consequences


Kelly Macquire
by and
published on 11 October 2023

Did you know that the Wars of the Roses only got that name over 300 years after they ended? This video is all about the dynastic conflicts between the Yorks and the Lancasters in the 15th century, now known as the Wars of the Roses.

The Wars of the Roses (1455-1487 CE) was a dynastic conflict where the nobility and monarchs of England intermittently battled for supremacy over a period of four decades. Besides the obvious consequences of Lancastrian and Yorkist kings swapping thrones several times and the establishment of the House of Tudor at the end of it all, the wars killed half the lords of the 60 noble families of England, established a much more violent political environment, and saw first a boost to the power of the nobility and then a swing back in the favour of the Crown. Finally, the wars have inspired historians and writers forever after, whether it be Tudor propagandists, William Shakespeare, or the creators of such television shows as Game of Thrones.



0:00​ Introduction
0:47 The Wars of the Roses (that weren’t wars at all!)
2:56 Causes for the Wars of the Roses
5:29 The Players: The Yorkists
8:22 The Players: The Lancastrians
11:42 Act Five: The Impact and Consequences
13:20 Outro

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The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

World History Encyclopedia

#History #englishhistory #historyofengland #warsoftheroses #houseoftudor #houseoflancaster

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2023, October 11). The Wars of the Roses: Causes and Consequences. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Wars of the Roses: Causes and Consequences." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified October 11, 2023.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "The Wars of the Roses: Causes and Consequences." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 11 Oct 2023. Web. 21 Jun 2024.