Ancient Rome and the Spread of Christianity

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Kelly Macquire
by and
published on 13 August 2023

Did you know that Christianity in Rome was once considered a superstition? This video is all about Christianity in ancient Rome.

The growth of Christianity and its eventual triumph in medieval Europe is currently a major topic of interest for historians. The traditional view was that Christianity offered a system of morality and solace to a world that was spiritually bereft. This is patently not true; the ancients were just as pious and spiritually awakened as Christians. Christianity absorbed this culture but added unique innovations that provided new meaning, and in a world with no certainty of the afterlife, Christianity provided assurance of one in heaven. When Constantine the Great converted, how many saw the winds of political change as a practical way to survive and get ahead?



0:00​ Introduction
0:40 Religion in Ancient Rome
2:45 Roman Gods & the Imperial Cult
4:00 Early Christianity & Persecutions
5:57 Constantine & Theodosius
9:25 Outro

Rome’s Response to the Spread of Christianity
Early Christianity
Fall of the Western Roman Empire
The Separation of Christianity from Judaism

Ancient Rome Playlist
The Cult of the Emperor in the Roman Empire
History of Slavery in Ancient Rome
All Roads Lead to Rome: The Roads of Ancient Rome
Fullers of Ancient Rome (The Clothes Cleaners of Rome)

You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here -

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

World History Encyclopedia

#History #AncientRome #Christianity #Christianhistory

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About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2023, August 13). Ancient Rome and the Spread of Christianity. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Ancient Rome and the Spread of Christianity." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified August 13, 2023.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Ancient Rome and the Spread of Christianity." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 13 Aug 2023. Web. 23 Jul 2024.