published on 16 September 2020
Pietro Perugino : A Collection of 161 Paintings (HD) [High Renaissance]
- Born: 1446; Città della Pieve, Umbria, Italy
- Died: 1524; Fontignano, Umbria, Italy
- Nationality: Italian
- Art Movement: High Renaissance
- Painting School: Umbrian school
- Field: painting, fresco
- Teachers: Andrea del Verrochio
- Pupils: Raphael
- Friends and Co-workers: Leonardo da Vinci, Sandro Botticelli
Pietro Perugino was an Italian Renaissance painter of the Umbrian school, who developed some of the qualities that found classic expression in the High Renaissance. Raphael was his most famous pupil.
He was born Pietro Vannucci in Città della Pieve, Umbria, the son of Cristoforo Maria Vannucci. His nickname characterizes him as from Perugia, the chief city of Umbria. Scholars continue to dispute the socioeconomic status of the Vannucci family. While certain academics maintain that Vannucci worked his way out of poverty, others argue that his family was among the wealthiest in the town. His exact date of birth is not known, but based on his age at death that was mentioned by Vasari and Giovanni Santi, it is believed that he was born between 1446 and 1452.
Pietro most likely began studying painting in local workshops in Perugia such as those of Bartolomeo Caporali or Fiorenzo di Lorenzo. The date of the first Florentine sojourn is unknown; some make it as early as 1466/1470, others push the date to 1479. According to Vasari, he was apprenticed to the workshop of Andrea del Verrocchio alongside Leonardo da Vinci, Domenico Ghirlandaio, Lorenzo di Credi, Filippino Lippi and others. Piero della Francesca is thought to have taught him perspective form. In 1472, he must have completed his apprenticeship since he was enrolled as a master in the Confraternity of St Luke. Pietro, although very talented, was not extremely enthusiastic about his work.
Perugino was one of the earliest Italian practitioners of oil painting. Some of his early works were extensive frescoes for the convent of the Ingessati fathers, destroyed during the Siege of Florence; he produced for them also many cartoons, which they executed with brilliant effect in stained glass. A good specimen of his early style in tempera is the tondo (circular picture) in the Musée du Louvre of the Virgin and Child Enthroned between Saints.
Vasari is the main source stating that Perugino had very little religion and openly doubted the soul's immortality. Perugino in 1494 painted his own portrait, now in the Uffizi Gallery, and into it, he introduced a scroll lettered Timete Deum. That an open disbeliever should inscribe himself with Timete Deum seems odd. The portrait in question shows a plump face, with small dark eyes, a short but well-cut nose, and sensuous lips; the neck is thick, the hair bushy and frizzled, and the general air imposing. The later portrait in the Cambio of Perugia shows the same face with traces of added years. Perugino died with considerable property, leaving three sons.
Among his pupils were Raphael, upon whose early work Perugino's influence is most noticeable, Pompeo Cocchi, Eusebio da San Giorgio, Mariano di Eusterio,and Giovanni di Pietro (lo Spagna).
BAROQUE [Post Renaissance Art] : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZVqusZxS_TFGVWRL6nG5V3C9j3h5xnp
HIGH RENAISSANCE [Renaissance Art]: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZVqusZxS_TAW8yBAWDSpPeV-B4EUnUe
EARLY RENAISSANCE [RENAISSANCE ARTS] : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZVqusZxS_Rl5u1xeWi3_hNWVbd99rp8
PROTO RENAISSANCE [Renaissance Art] : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZVqusZxS_R6P61q7DOnuZgGGsqw-tN3
Medieval Art : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZVqusZxS_T7YNe7cv7fLpg6Hej3NiSh
SKETCHES AND DRAWINGS COLLECTION : https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZVqusZxS_TXdJM33uf-2MEhuiAEd-Op
THE HIGHLIGHT: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLOZVqusZxS_RMuvIyAIEplral4SxUwJt8
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Cite This Work
Tv, 9. (2020, September 16). Pietro Perugino : A Collection of 161 Paintings (HD) [High Renaissance]. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2124/pietro-perugino--a-collection-of-161-paintings-hd/
Tv, 9. "Pietro Perugino : A Collection of 161 Paintings (HD) [High Renaissance]." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified September 16, 2020. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2124/pietro-perugino--a-collection-of-161-paintings-hd/.
Tv, 9. "Pietro Perugino : A Collection of 161 Paintings (HD) [High Renaissance]." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 16 Sep 2020. Web. 27 May 2023.