Syria Timeline

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  • c. 6000 BCE
    Settlement of Tell Brak founded in Syria.
  • c. 3000 BCE
    Trade already established between Syria and Egypt.
  • c. 3000 BCE
    City of Ebla founded in Syria.
  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2900 BCE
    Mari, the earliest known planned city, is built near the eastern bank of the Euphrates.
  • c. 3000 BCE - c. 2300 BCE
    The Semitic Kish culture is dominant in the area of modern-day Syria. This culure is exemplified by Ebla and the Cities I and II of Mari.
  • 2334 BCE - 2279 BCE
    Reign of Sargon the Great of Akkad who conquers Syria.
  • c. 2240 BCE
    Naram-Sin of Akkad campaigns against the Amorites in northern Syria.
  • 1344 BCE - 1322 BCE
  • 1274 BCE
    Battle of Kadesh between Pharaoh Ramesses II of Egypt and King Muwatalli II of the Hittites.
  • c. 1245 BCE
    Assyrian king Tukulti-Ninurta I defeats Hittites at Nihriya. Assyrians rule Syria.
  • c. 1200 BCE
    Region of Syria invaded by Sea Peoples.
  • 912 BCE - 612 BCE
    Syria is part of the Neo-Assyrian Empire.
  • 605 BCE - 549 BCE
    Babyon rules over Syria.
  • 549 BCE - 300 BCE
    The Persian Achaemenid Empire rules Syria.
  • 332 BCE
    Alexander the Great conquers Phoenicia and turns toward Egypt.
  • 312 BCE - 83 BCE
    Syria under the rule of Seleucid Empire.
  • 274 BCE - 271 BCE
    The first Syrian war, marking the beginning of the contest between the Ptolemies and the Seleucids for Phoenicia and Coele-Syria.
  • 83 BCE
    Tigranes the Great of Armenia liberates Syria and rules the region.
  • 64 BCE
    Pompey the Great claims Syria for Rome.
  • 63 BCE
    Jerash in Jordan becomes part of the Roman province of Syria.
  • 66 CE - 73 CE
    Syrian troops participate in the First Jewish-Roman War.
  • c. 115 CE - c. 116 CE
    Roman Empire annexes Syria.
  • c. 125 CE - c. 180 CE
    Life of the Rhetorician and Satirist Lucian of Samosata, an Hellenized Syrian writing in Attic Greek during the Second Sophistic.
  • 132 CE - 136 CE
    Syrian troops under Rome suppress the Bar Kokhba Revolt.
  • 476 CE
    Fall of the Western Roman Empire. Syria continues under Eastern (Byzantine)Empire.
  • 637 CE
    Muslim forces defeat the Byzantine army. Syria becomes part of Rashidun Caliphate.
  • 970 CE
    The Treaty of Safar makes Aleppo a client state of the Byzantine Empire.
  • 975 CE
    John I Tzimiskes invades Syria, conquering several cities and forcing neighboring Muslim states such as Damascus to pay tribute to the Byzantines.
  • c. 1141 CE
    The Assassins occupy Masyaf castle in Syria.
  • Dec 1259 CE
    The Mongols besiege and capture Aleppo in Syria.