War of the First Coalition Timeline

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  • 5 May 1789
    The Estates-General convenes in Versailles for the first time in 175 years.
  • 14 Jul 1789
    The Bastille in Paris is stormed.
  • 16 Jul 1789
    The Comte d'Artois, Louis XVI's brother, flees Versailles with other royalists after the Storming of the Bastille, becoming the first wave of emigres to flee the French Revolution.
  • 20 Jun 1791 - 21 Jun 1791
    The Flight to Varennes, an attempted escape by the French royal family from Paris, is foiled; public disdain for the monarchy increases.
  • 27 Aug 1791
    Austria and Prussia release the Declaration of Pillnitz, threatening Revolutionary France with military action.
  • 20 Apr 1792
    Revolutionary France declares war on Austria, sparking the War of the First Coalition.
  • 20 Sep 1792
    The Battle of Valmy results in a French victory over Prussian invaders.
  • 6 Nov 1792
    The Battle of Jemappes results in a victory for the French Republic over an Austrian army, allowing for the French conquest of Belgium.
  • 18 Mar 1793
    The Battle of Neerwinden results in an Austrian victory, driving the French Republican forces from Belgium.
  • 5 Apr 1793
    General Dumouriez betrays the French Republic and defects to the Austrians.
  • 23 Aug 1793
    The levee en masse is enacted, flooding France's armies with conscripts.
  • 15 Oct 1793 - 16 Oct 1793
    Battle of Wattignies results in victory for the French Republic over an Austrian army.
  • 24 Jun 1794
    The French are victorious at the Battle of Fleurus; their armies remain ascendent for the rest of the War of the First Coalition.
  • Jan 1795
    The Dutch Republic falls and is replaced by the Batavian Republic, first of the French satellite states known as sister republics.
  • Apr 1795 - Jun 1795
    Prussia and Spain exit the French Revolutionary Wars with the treaties of Basel.
  • 23 Jun 1795 - 21 Jul 1795
    British attempt to land French emigres ends in failure at the Battle of Quiberon.
  • 10 Apr 1796 - 2 Apr 1797
    Napoleon Bonaparte's Italian Campaign.
  • 17 Oct 1797
    Austria and France sign the Treaty of Campo Formio, ending the War of the First Coalition.
  • 17 Oct 1797
    The Treaty of Campo Formio ends the War of the First Coalition.