War of the First Coalition


The War of the First Coalition (1792-1797) was a continent-spanning conflict in which a coalition of European powers, including Austria, Prussia, Great Britain, the Dutch Republic, Spain, and several others, sought to contain and defeat Revolutionary France. The war was sparked by the ideals of the French Revolution (1789-1799), which threatened the established monarchies of Europe.

More about: War of the First Coalition


  • 5 May 1789
    The Estates-General convenes in Versailles for the first time in 175 years.
  • 14 Jul 1789
    The Bastille in Paris is stormed.
  • 16 Jul 1789
    The Comte d'Artois, Louis XVI's brother, flees Versailles with other royalists after the Storming of the Bastille, becoming the first wave of emigres to flee the French Revolution.
  • 20 Jun 1791 - 21 Jun 1791
    The Flight to Varennes, an attempted escape by the French royal family from Paris, is foiled; public disdain for the monarchy increases.
  • 27 Aug 1791
    Austria and Prussia release the Declaration of Pillnitz, threatening Revolutionary France with military action.
  • 20 Apr 1792
    Revolutionary France declares war on Austria, sparking the War of the First Coalition.
  • 20 Sep 1792
    The Battle of Valmy results in a French victory over Prussian invaders.
  • 6 Nov 1792
    The Battle of Jemappes results in a victory for the French Republic over an Austrian army, allowing for the French conquest of Belgium.
  • 18 Mar 1793
    The Battle of Neerwinden results in an Austrian victory, driving the French Republican forces from Belgium.
  • 5 Apr 1793
    General Dumouriez betrays the French Republic and defects to the Austrians.
  • 23 Aug 1793
    The levée en masse is enacted, flooding France's armies with conscripts.
  • 15 Oct 1793 - 16 Oct 1793
    Battle of Wattignies results in victory for the French Republic over an Austrian army.
  • 24 Jun 1794
    The French are victorious at the Battle of Fleurus; their armies remain ascendent for the rest of the War of the First Coalition.
  • Jan 1795
    The Dutch Republic falls and is replaced by the Batavian Republic, first of the French satellite states known as sister republics.
  • Apr 1795 - Jun 1795
    Prussia and Spain exit the French Revolutionary Wars with the treaties of Basel.
  • 23 Jun 1795 - 21 Jul 1795
    British attempt to land French emigres ends in failure at the Battle of Quiberon.
  • 10 Apr 1796 - 2 Apr 1797
    Napoleon Bonaparte's Italian Campaign.
  • 17 Oct 1797
    Austria and France sign the Treaty of Campo Formio, ending the War of the First Coalition.