Third Crusade Timeline

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  • 1174 - 1193
    Reign of Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria, and founder of the Ayyubid dynasty.
  • 3 Jul 1187 - 4 Jul 1187
    Saladin defeats the Franks army at the Battle of Hattin.
  • Sep 1187
    Saladin captures Jerusalem.
  • Oct 1187
    Pope Gregory VIII calls for the Third Crusade to recapture Jerusalem.
  • 1189 - 1192
    The Third Crusade is formed with the aim of recapturing Jerusalem for Christendom. Although some cities were recaptured, Jerusalem was not one of them.
  • Aug 1189
    Guy of Lusignan leads a force from Tyre to attack Acre.
  • Aug 1189 - Jul 1191
    The siege of Acre during the Third Crusade.
  • Sep 1189
    A small force of Crusaders is the first army to arrive from Europe at the siege of Acre.
  • 1190
    Richard I of England captures Messina on Sicily during the Third Crusade.
  • c. 1190
    Teutonic knights establish a field hospital at Acre during the Third Crusade.
  • 10 Jun 1190
    Frederick I Barbarossa, Holy Roman Emperor, drowns in the Seraph River in Cilicia on his way to the Middle East during the Third Crusade.
  • 28 Jul 1190
    A force of Crusaders under the command of Henry of Champagne arrives at the siege of Acre.
  • 7 Oct 1190
    A force of German crusaders under the command of Duke Leopold of Austria arrives at the siege of Acre.
  • May 1191
    Richard I of England captures Cyprus during the Third Crusade.
  • Jun 1191
    The Crusader armies of Philip II of France and Richard I of England arrive at the siege of Acre.
  • 12 Jul 1191
    Richard I of England captures Acre during the Third Crusade.
  • Aug 1191
    Philip II leaves Acre and returns to France during the Third Crusade.
  • 20 Aug 1191
    Richard I of England orders the execution of 2,500 Muslim prisoners after the siege of Acre during the Third Crusade.
  • 7 Sep 1191
    Richard I of England defeats Saladin's army at Arsuf during the Third Crusade.
  • Jan 1192
    The Crusader army led by Richard I of England arrives within sight of Jerusalem but decides not to attack for fear of a counter-attack by Saladin.
  • Jul 1192
    Saladin takes Jaffa during the Third Crusade.
  • Aug 1192
    Richard I of England retakes Jaffa from Saladin during the Third Crusade.
  • Oct 1192
    Richard I of England, returning home from the Third Crusade is shipwrecked and eventually imprisoned by the German emperor Henry VI.
  • 4 Mar 1193
    Death of Saladin, Sultan of Egypt and Syria.