Stirling Castle Timeline

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  • 23 Apr 1124
    Alexander I of Scotland dies at Stirling Castle.
  • 4 Dec 1214
    William I of Scotland dies at Stirling Castle.
  • 11 Sep 1297
    A Scottish army led by William Wallace defeats an English army at the Battle of Stirling Bridge.
  • 22 Jul 1298
    Edward I of England is victorious at the Battle of Falkirk where 20,000 Scots are killed. Stirling Castle is regained.
  • c. 1300
    The North Gate is added to Stirling Castle.
  • 1304
    Another English army attacks Scotland and regains control of Stirling Castle.
  • 23 Jun 1314 - 24 Jun 1314
    Robert the Bruce defeats Edward II of England at the Battle of Bannockburn, effectively re-establishing Scottish independence. Stirling Castle is regained.
  • 1335
    The English regain control of Stirling Castle.
  • 1342
    The Scots regain control of Stirling Castle after a six-month siege.
  • Feb 1452
    James II of Scotland stabs William Douglas in Stirling Castle, the earl is then finished off by the king's companions.
  • May 1452
    Birth of James III of Scotland in Stirling Castle.
  • 1463
    James III of Scotland begins repairs of Stirling Castle.
  • 1475
    A workshop for casting cannons is added to Stirling Castle.
  • c. 1500
    James IV of Scotland adds a Great Hall, new kitchens and the Royal Chapel to Stirling Castle.
  • 21 Sep 1513
    Coronation of James V of Scotland at Stirling Castle.
  • c. 1538
    James V of Scotland adds the Palace building to Stirling Castle.
  • 9 Sep 1543
    Coronation of Mary, Queen of Scots in Stirling Castle.
  • 1594
    Henry, the eldest son of James VI of Scotland, is born in Stirling Castle.
  • 1651
    Forces loyal to Oliver Cromwell and led by General George Monck capture Stirling Castle.
  • 1690
    An artillery battery is added to the east side of Stirling Castle.
  • 1746
    Bonnie Prince Charlie launches a failed attack to capture Stirling Castle.
  • c. 1750 - 1964
    Stirling Castle serves as an army barracks.
  • 1800
    The Great Hall at Stirling Castle is converted into a three-storey barracks.
  • 1809
    The Esplanade parade ground is added to Stirling Castle.
  • 1810
    Powder magazines are built in the nether bailey of Stirling Castle.