Peloponnese Timeline

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  • 6000 BCE - 5000 BCE
    First inhabitation of the Nemean valley.
  • c. 5000 BCE
    Earliest Neolithic finds in the Corinth area.
  • 3000 BCE - 2000 BCE
    First inhabitation of Mycenae area.
  • c. 3000 BCE
    First settlement at Tiryns.
  • c. 2100 BCE
    First evidence of building structures at Mycenae.
  • 2000 BCE
    Early Greeks settle the Peloponnese.
  • c. 1600 BCE
    First construction stages of the Tiryns citadel.
  • c. 1550 BCE
    Gold death masks (including that of 'Agamemnon') made at Mycenae.
  • c. 1500 BCE - c. 1400 BCE
    First palace structure and Treasury of Atreus tomb built at Mycenae.
  • c. 1500 BCE - 1200 BCE
    Mycenae at its peak of influence.
  • c. 1450 BCE
    Mycenaen influence extended to Knossos, Crete.
  • c. 1450 BCE
    Development of the Linear B script.
  • 1400 BCE - 1300 BCE
    Mycenaean palace architecture at Tiryns.
  • 1400 BCE - 1300 BCE
    Mycenaean fortifications, palaces and tombs constructed at Argos.
  • 1400 BCE - 1100 BCE
    Culture in the Cyclades is increasingly influenced by the Mycenaean civilization of mainland Greece.
  • c. 1300 BCE
    First palace destroyed at Mycenae and repaired, Lion Gate added and fortifications extended.
  • 1300 BCE - 1200 BCE
    Mycenaean Tiryns is at the height of its importance.
  • c. 1200 BCE
    Second palace destroyed at Mycenae, city begins to decline.
  • c. 1200 BCE
    Earthquake severely damages Tiryns.
  • 1200 BCE - 1100 BCE
    Argos takes over from Mycenae as most important regional power in the Argolid.
  • c. 900 BCE
    Sparta is founded.
  • 700 BCE - 600 BCE
    King Phiedon leads Argos to its greatest expansion.
  • c. 700 BCE
    Corinthians adopt the trireme from the Phoenicians.
  • c. 700 BCE
    Sparta, Argos and Paros hold the first documented musical competitions in Greece.
  • c. 657 BCE - 585 BCE
    The Kypselidai are tyrants of Corinth.
  • c. 650 BCE
    Sparta crushes Messenian revolt.
  • c. 627 BCE - c. 587 BCE
    Periander is tyrant at Corinth.
  • c. 625 BCE
    Black-figure pottery created in Corinth.
  • c. 600 BCE - 700 BCE
    Tiryns becomes a cult centre for the worship of Hera, Athena, and Herakles.
  • 585 BCE
    An oligarchy of 80 takes power at Corinth.
  • 580 BCE
    First athletic games at Isthmia.
  • c. 580 BCE
    The kouroi of Argos, thought to represent Cleobis & Biton, are sculpted.
  • 573 BCE
    First athletic games at Nemea in honour of Zeus.
  • c. 550 BCE
    The temple of Apollo is constructed at Corinth.
  • c. 550 BCE - c. 366 BCE
    Peloponnesian League alliance between Sparta, Corinth, Elis and Tegea which establishes Spartan hegemony over the Peloponnese.
  • c. 545 BCE
    Sparta takes control of Thyrea from Argos.
  • 494 BCE - 493 BCE
    Spartan forces under Cleomenes I attack the city of Argos.
  • 494 BCE - 493 BCE
    Telesilla of Argos defends her city against the Spartan forces with an army of women.
  • c. 490 BCE
    Leonidas beomes one of Sparta's two kings.
  • 478 BCE
    Sparta withdraws from alliance against Persia.
  • c. 468 BCE
    Tiryns is destroyed by the Argeians.
  • 468 BCE
    Argeians destroy citadel of Mycenae.
  • 460 BCE - 445 BCE
  • 451 BCE
    Sparta and Argos sign a peace treaty which endures for the next 30 years.
  • 432 BCE
    Sparta declares that Athens has broken the Thirty Year Peace and prepares for war.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    The 2nd Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (the Delian League and the Peloponnesian League) which involved all of Greece.
  • 431 BCE - 404 BCE
    Thebes sides with Sparta against Athens in the Peloponnesian War.
  • 429 BCE
    Peloponnesian forces led by Sparta begin the siege of Plataea.
  • 425 BCE
    Pylos campaign, under Cleon and Demosthenes' command Athens defeats Sparta at Pylos.
  • 424 BCE
    Spartan general Brasidas takes Amphipolis, Thucydides failed to prevent this and is exiled.
  • 424 BCE
    A force of Athenian peltasts defeat Spartan hoplites on Sphaktria in the Peloponnese.
  • 418 BCE
    Sparta, led by Agis II, defeats Argos and her allies at the battle of Mantinaea.
  • 415 BCE - 330 BCE
    Nemean Games relocated to Argos.
  • 412 BCE
    Sparta allies with Persia.
  • 410 BCE
    Alcibiades leads the Athenian fleet to victory over Sparta at Cyzicus.
  • 404 BCE
    End of the Peloponnesian war, Athens defeated By Sparta at Aigospotamoi, Rule of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens.
  • 395 BCE - 386 BCE
    The Corinthian Wars between Sparta and an alliance of Athens, Corinth, Argos, Boeotia and Thebes.
  • 390 BCE
    Athenian leader Iphikrates employs peltasts to defeat Spartan hoplites at Lechaion near Corinth.
  • 382 BCE - 379 BCE
    Sparta establishes a garrison at Thebes.
  • 375 BCE
    Thebes defeats Sparta at the Battle of Tegyra.
  • 371 BCE
    Thebes, led by Epaminondas, defeats Sparta in the Battle of Leuctra.
  • 362 BCE
    Indecisive Battle of Matinea where Thebes fought against Sparta and Athens. Theban general Epaminondas is killed.
  • 338 BCE
    Philip of Macedonia defeats the Greek allied forces of Athens, Thebes and Corinth in the Battle of Chaironeia.
  • 330 BCE
    Athletic Games return from Argos to Nemea.
  • c. 330 BCE
    Temple of Zeus built at Nemea.
  • c. 330 BCE - c. 300 BCE
    Extensive building programme at Nemea funded by the Macedonians.
  • c. 280 BCE
    Founding of the Achaean League in the Peloponnese of Greece.
  • 269 BCE
    Nemean Games definitively moved to Argos.
  • 243 BCE
    Corinth joins the Archaean League.
  • 235 BCE
    Megelopolis joins the Achaean League.
  • 225 BCE
    Macedonians bring an army across the Isthmus to face another Achaian force trying to take Corinth.
  • 222 BCE
    The Achaean League and Antigonos III of Macedon defeat Sparta at Sellasia.
  • c. 191 BCE
    The Achaean League signs a treaty of alliance with Rome.
  • 146 BCE
    Rome sacks Corinth and dissolves the Achaean league. Greece is ruled by Rome.
  • 146 BCE
    Open war breaks out between Rome and the Achaean League.
  • 44 BCE
    Julius Caesar founds the Roman colony of Corinth.
  • 67 CE
    Under Nero excavation of the Corinth Canal begins but is abandoned after three months.
  • 267 CE
    The Goths sack Athens, Corinth, Sparta, and Argos.
  • 393 CE
    Roman Emperor Theodosius definitively ends all pagan Games in Greece.
  • c. 396 CE
    Corinth burned by the Visigoths under Alaric.