Mongol Warfare Timeline

Search Results

  • 1205
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1205 - 1255
    Life of the Mongol military commander and grandson of Genghis Khan, Batu Khan.
  • 1206 - 1368
    The Mongol Empire rules in Central and East Asia.
  • 1206 - 1227
    Reign of Genghis Khan as the ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1209
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1209
    The Mongols attack the Tangut state of Xi Xia.
  • 1211
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1212 - 1215
    The Mongols attack Song China, sacking over 90 cities.
  • 1214
    The Jurchen Jin state signs a short-lived peace treaty with the Mongol Empire and is obliged to pay tribute.
  • 1215
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin state in northern China.
  • 1215
    The Mongols attack the Tangut state of Xi Xia.
  • 1215
    The Mongols sack Beijing.
  • 1218 - 1220
    The Mongols attack the Khwarazm Empire in Central Asia.
  • 1219
    A Goryeo army allies with the Mongols to attack the Khitan in northern Korea.
  • 1221
    The Mongols attack northern Afghanistan.
  • 1222
    The Mongols defeat a Russian army at Kalka.
  • 1229 - 1241
    Reign of Ogedei Khan as the ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1230 - 1231
    The Mongols attack the Jurchen Jin State.
  • 1231 - 1232
    Ogedei Khan leads a Mongol invasion into Korea.
  • 1233
    Kaifeng, capital of the Jurchen Jin State, falls after a lengthy siege by the Mongols.
  • Feb 1234
    The Mongols attack and conquer the Jurchen Jin State in northern China.
  • 1235
    The Mongols invade northern Iraq and western Asia
  • 1236 - 1242
    Multiple Mongol armies attack western Asia, Russia, Poland, and Hungary.
  • 21 Dec 1237
    The city of Ryazan (Riazan) is besieged and captured by the Mongols.
  • 1238
    The Mongols invade Azerbaijan, Georgia, and Armenia.
  • 7 Feb 1238
    The Mongols capture the city of Vladimir.
  • 23 Mar 1238
    The Mongols capture the city of Torshok.
  • 6 Dec 1240
    The Mongols capture Kiev.
  • 9 Apr 1241
    The Mongols defeat an army led by Henry the Pious, the Duke of Silesia, near Liegnitz (Legnica).
  • 10 Apr 1241 - 11 Apr 1241
    The Mongols defeat an army led by Bela IV, king of Hungary, at the Battle of Mohi.
  • Dec 1241
    The Mongols capture Buda and Pest.
  • Dec 1241
    The Mongols capture the great city of Gran (Esztergom) in Hungary.
  • 1253 - 1260
    A Mongol army led by Hulegu invades Persia and the Middle East.
  • 1256
    The Mongols defeat the Ismailis (aka the Assassins) in Persia.
  • 1257
    The Mongols invade Vietnam.
  • 1257
    The Mongols conquer the Dali kingdom in southern China.
  • 1258
    An uprising restores the monarchy in Korea and makes peace with the Mongol Empire.
  • 1258
    The Mongols conquer the Abbasid Caliphate. During this campaign there is the infamous sacking of Baghdad and murder of the caliph.
  • Dec 1259
    The Mongols besiege and capture Aleppo in Syria.
  • 1260 - 1294
    Reign of Kublai Khan, ruler of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1260 - 1264
    Kublai Khan fights a civil war with his brother Ariq Boke for control of the Mongol Empire.
  • 1260
    Battle of Ain Jalut; Mongol advance to the heartland of Islam is halted.
  • 1262
    Kublai Khan captures Karakorum after his rival nAriq Boke (1219-1266 CE) used it as his base.
  • 1268
    Kublai Khan resumes the Mongol attacks on Song Dynasty China.
  • 1270
    Part of northern Korea is conquered by the Mongol Empire.
  • 1273
    Xiangyang falls into Mongol hands.
  • 1275 - 1279
    The Mongols led by Kublai Khan attack and conquer the last remnants of Song China.
  • 28 Mar 1276
    Lin'an, the capital of the Song Dynasty, is captured by a Mongol army.
  • 1277
    The Mongols/Yuan Dynasty invade Burma.
  • 19 Mar 1279
    The Mongols complete their conquest of Song Dynasty China with victory at the naval battle at Yaishan.
  • 1281
    The Mongols/Yuan Dynasty China invade Vietnam for a second time.
  • 1286
    The Mongols/Yuan Dynasty China re-invade Vietnam.
  • 1287
    The Mongols/Yuan Dynasty China re-invade Burma.
  • 1292
    A Mongol/Yuan Dynasty naval force attacks Java.