City Wall of Metropolis


Ronnie Jones III
published on 15 June 2016
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Metropolis (Modern-day Torbali, Turkey) was a Greco-Roman city that was situated between two of the great cities of antiquity, Ephesus and Smyrna. The city possibly dates back to the Bronze Age since there are Hittite hieroglyphics that date to around that time. Although the city was founded in the 8th century BCE it did not flourish until the Hellenistic period. The city at some point or another was under the control of the Pontic King Mithridates VI, but then spent most of the 1st century BCE onward under Roman control.

A temple to the Ares, the Greek god of war, lies somewhere within the defense walls of the city on the acropolis. The acropolis was surrounded by defense walls and sat above the hellenistic theater and Roman baths that can be seen today.

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About the Author

Ronnie Jones III
In university Ronnie concentrated his studies on the Greco-Roman world while writing his senior thesis on the Reformation. He has studied Koine Greek and Hebrew at the masters level, and is currently studying Turkish.


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APA Style

III, R. J. (2016, June 15). City Wall of Metropolis. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from

Chicago Style

III, Ronnie Jones. "City Wall of Metropolis." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified June 15, 2016.

MLA Style

III, Ronnie Jones. "City Wall of Metropolis." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 15 Jun 2016. Web. 24 Apr 2024.