Eucratid

Server Costs Fundraiser 2021

Please help us pay for the servers and web services required to operate our non-profit organization's website. Any donation helps, no matter how small: If every visitor were to give only $1 we would be fully funded within a day.

Donate Now

Definition

Antoine Simonin
by
published on 28 April 2011
Send to Google Classroom:
X
translations icon
Translated text available in: Malay
Cybele Plate (by Museé Guimet, Public Domain)
Cybele Plate
Museé Guimet (Public Domain)

The Eucratids were a Greco-Bactrian and Indo-Greek dynasty of approximately 12 kings, lasting between c.171 BC and 80-70 BC, according to numismatic evidence. The numismatic emblem which characterized it were the palm and the Dioscuri (Castor & Pollux by horse).

The dynasty began when its founder Eucratides overthrew an Euthydemid king in Bactria, probably Demetrios II, c.171 BC. Taking advantage of the rivalry between the different Euthydemid Indo-Greek states, he managed to lead wars across the Hindu-Kush and succeeded until he met king Menander. He was then defeated and pushed back to Bactria. There he lead campaigns against Menander but was murdered by his own son, soon-called Eucratides II. This event is indicative of the relationships in this dynasty, as it was the same in the opposing Euthydemid dynasty.

Remove Ads

Advertisement

His death let the kingdom into civil war between several Eucratid pretenders to the throne, which weakened the state; Parthians and Yuezhei took advantage of this and the last Greco-Bactrian king Heliokles must have left the kingdom to nomads c.130 BC. Paradoxically the dynasty succeeded to take part of Indo-Greek kingdoms and thus continued its engine of warfare there, due to its rivalry with the Euthydemids. Even if some Eucratids like Philoxenos seemed to have been powerful after 130 BC, they never succeeded to reunite the whole Indo-Greek possessions.

The dynasty finally ended when the Indo-Saka Maues successfully invaded the Indo-Greek kingdoms c.80 BC, forcing both Indo-Greek dynasties to make alliance under king Amyntas.

Remove Ads

Advertisement

Did you like this definition?
Editorial Review This article has been reviewed for accuracy, reliability and adherence to academic standards prior to publication.
Remove Ads

Advertisement

Translations

We want people all over the world to learn about history. Help us and translate this definition into another language! So far, we have translated it to: Malay

About the Author

Antoine Simonin
Passionate about ancient Central Asia. Maintains the website From Bactria to Taxila. Works in the Europa Barbarorum project.

Support Our
Non-Profit Organization

World History Encyclopedia is a non-profit organization. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide.

Become a Member  

Recommended Books

Sorry, we haven't been able to find any books on the subject.
 

Cite This Work

APA Style

Simonin, A. (2011, April 28). Eucratid. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/eucratid/

Chicago Style

Simonin, Antoine. "Eucratid." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified April 28, 2011. https://www.worldhistory.org/eucratid/.

MLA Style

Simonin, Antoine. "Eucratid." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 28 Apr 2011. Web. 23 Jul 2021.