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Flavius Josephus
Definition by Rebecca Denova

Flavius Josephus

Titus Flavius Josephus (36-100 CE), was born Yosef ben Matityahu and became a 1st-century CE Jewish historian. He was a member of a priestly household in Jerusalem through his father’s side (the house and order of Jehoiarib), and his mother...
Relief from the Arch of Titus, showing The Spoils of Jerusalem being brought into Rome
Video by Smarthistory

Relief from the Arch of Titus, showing The Spoils of Jerusalem being brought into Rome

Relief panel showing The Spoils of Jerusalem being brought into Rome, Arch of Titus, Rome, after 81 C.E., marble, 7 feet,10 inches high Speakers: Dr. Steven Fine and Dr. Beth Harris
Masada
Definition by Rebecca Denova

Masada

Masada (“fortress” in Hebrew) is a mountain complex in Israel in the Judean desert that overlooks the Dead Sea. It is famous for the last stand of the Zealots (and Sicarii) in the Jewish Revolt against Rome (66-73 CE). Masada...
Legions of Judea
Article by Donald L. Wasson

Legions of Judea

Judea was initially dependent on its neighbor Syria for military support until it received a Roman legion of its own in 70 CE after the Great Jewish Revolt of 66 CE. Legio X Fretensis was stationed at remains of the burned city of Jerusalem...
The Great Jewish Revolt of 66 CE
Article by Harry Oates

The Great Jewish Revolt of 66 CE

The Roman Empire in the early 1st century CE was often regarded as the perfect empire. The outstanding military prowess of the Romans was used to expand the empire, and once the territories were acceptably pacified, Roman political power...
Triumphal Arch
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Triumphal Arch

The triumphal arch was a type of Roman architectural monument built all over the empire to commemorate military triumphs and other significant events such as the accession of a new emperor. Celebrated surviving examples of triumphal arches...
The Flavian Dynasty of the Roman Empire
Video by Kelly Macquire

The Flavian Dynasty of the Roman Empire

The Flavian Emperors were a dynasty of Roman emperors who ruled from 69 to 96 CE. They consisted of three emperors: Vespasian, Titus, and Domitian. - Vespasian (ruled 69-79 CE) was a skilled military commander who rose to power during the...
Roman Games, Chariot Races & Spectacle
Article by Mark Cartwright

Roman Games, Chariot Races & Spectacle

If there was one thing the Roman people loved it was spectacle and the opportunity of escapism offered by weird and wonderful public shows which assaulted the senses and ratcheted up the emotions. Roman rulers knew this well and so to increase...
Nerva
Definition by Donald L. Wasson

Nerva

Marcus Cocceius Nerva was Roman emperor from 96 to 98 CE, and his reign brought stability after the turbulent successions of his predecessors. In addition, Nerva helped establish the foundations for a new golden era for Rome which his chosen...
Roman Siege Warfare
Definition by Mark Cartwright

Roman Siege Warfare

In ancient warfare open battles were the preferred mode of meeting the enemy, but sometimes, when defenders took a stand within their well-fortified city or military camp, siege warfare became a necessity, despite its high expense in money...
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