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Some of the most exceptional and distinctive buildings from the ancient world were crafted by the architects of ancient Greece and some of their structures like theatres, temples, and stadia became staple buildings in cities and towns from antiquity onwards in the western world. The ancient Greeks are well-known for their incredible Doric and Ionic temples, and none are quite as famous as the Parthenon atop the acropolis of Athens, built under the direction of Perikles and envisioned by the architect Phidias in the fifth century BCE.
The architectural feature of all, or most, of these buildings, and the one most commonly associated with the Greeks, are columns. There are five of what are called orders of classical architecture, and an order is basically a combination of a type of column either with or without a base and an entablature which is what the column supports, this could be something like a frieze or a beam called architrave. The five classical orders are Doric, Ionic, Corinthian, Tuscan, and Composite though it was not the Greeks, but the Romans who gave them these names.
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— CHAPTERS —
1:03 The Greek Architectural Orders
3:31 Ancient Greek Buildings - Temples
7:13 The Theatre, Stoa, and Stadium
— WANT TO KNOW MORE? —
Ancient Greek Architecture https://www.worldhistory.org/Greek_Architecture/
A Visual Glossary of Classical Architecture https://www.worldhistory.org/article/486/a-visual-glossary-of-classical-architecture/
Ancient Greek Inventions https://www.worldhistory.org/article/1165/ancient-greek-inventions/
— WATCH NEXT —
The Early History of the Parthenon, Acropolis and Agora of Ancient Athens
An Introduction to Ancient Greek Magic and Sorceresses
Ancient Roman Art and Architecture https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=agbRzU7DZIk
Oracles of Ancient Greece https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7ktBrKvgk2I
— ATTRIBUTIONS —
You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here - https://worldhistory.typehut.com/the-development-of-ancient-greek-architecture-images-and-attributions-11526
The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:
World History Encyclopedia
#greekarchitecture #ancientarchitecture #ancientgreece
About the Author
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.
License & Copyright
Original video by Kelly Macquire. Embedded by Kelly Macquire, published on 06 November 2022. Please check the original source(s) for copyright information. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.
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