Ramesses the Great, his Long Life and Rule of Ancient Egypt

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$2799 / $18000


Kelly Macquire
published on 14 June 2022

Ramesses the Great (also known as Ramesses II, as well as the shorter form of his name Ramses) was the third Pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt, and not only lived for 96 years but reigned for sixty-six of those years between 1279 and 1213 BCE in the period known as the New Kingdom of Egypt. It was during his reign that Egypt fought the Hittites in the Battle of Kadesh which resulted in the world’s first peace treaty. Upon his death, there was widespread panic since many of his people, who grew up while he was pharaoh and had never known another, worried that the world would end with the death of their king. Ramesses the Great had his accomplishments inscribed all throughout Egypt, and most ancient sites make mention of him and his achievements as king.

Ramesses began construction of a city near the city of Avaris that was so beautifully constructed it rivalled the magnificence of the Ancient Egyptian city of Thebes, and he named his great city Per-Ramesses, sometimes also called Pi-Ramesses or House of Ramesses. Ramesses built hundreds of temples, monuments, and buildings during his time as king including the vast tomb complex, the Ramesseum, at Thebes, the temples at Abu Simbel, the complex at Abydos, and the great hall at Karnak, just to mention a few monumental highlights which led his reign to be considered by many historians as the pinnacle of Egyptian art and culture. Nefertari, Ramesses first wife and favourite queen, appears on numerous temple walls and in statuary from Ramesses’ reign, and the decoration and construction of her tomb was a work of art, despite the queen seemingly having died quite early in their marriage (perhaps in childbirth).

Learn all about the amazing Treasures of Ancient Greece Guided Tour and we hope to see you there! https://www.worldhistory.travel/
Watch our interview with Dr Rita Roussos, our knowledgeable tour guide! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J15KRKWXiG0



0:00​ Introduction
0:36 Explore Ancient Greece with us!
1:12 Who Was Ramesses the Great?
2:18 Ramesses II's Early Life and Reign
4:58 The Battle of Kadesh
7:26 Queen Nefertari and Later Life
9:42 Death and Legacy of Ramesses the Great
11:03 Support us on Patreon!

Ramesses II https://www.worldhistory.org/Ramesses_II/
Pi-Ramesses https://www.worldhistory.org/Pi-Ramesses/
New Kingdom of Egypt https://www.worldhistory.org/New_Kingdom_of_Egypt/
Kadesh https://www.worldhistory.org/Kadesh/
Sea Peoples https://www.worldhistory.org/Sea_Peoples/
The Battle of Kadesh & the First Peace Treaty https://www.worldhistory.org/article/78/the-battle-of-kadesh–the-first-peace-treaty/
Khaemweset https://www.worldhistory.org/Khaemweset/
Ancient Egypt https://www.worldhistory.org/egypt/

The Battle of Kadesh: Ancient Egypt vs. The Hittites https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A4G9tFzl85o
Hathor the Egyptian Goddess of Love, Beauty and Pleasure https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PTKk09c4Z60
Ancient Egyptian Dance and Music https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WDCMAXBQlXM
The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IvaR8itxlyQ
Set the Egyptian God of Chaos, Storms and War https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZlS-oRQN_vU

You can find all attribution and credits for images, animations, graphics and music here - https://worldhistory.typehut.com/ramesses-the-great-his-long-life-and-rule-of-ancient-egypt-images-and-attributions-9836

The music used in this recording is the intellectual copyright of Michael Levy, a prolific composer for the recreated lyres of antiquity, and used with the creator's permission. Michael Levy's music is available to stream at all the major digital music platforms. Find out more on:

Tangopaso - self photographed
Public Domain - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Public_domain

Dominik Knippel, de:Niedernberg
CC BY SA 3.0 - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/
GNU Free Documentation License - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GNU_Free_Documentation_License
CC BY SA 2.0 DE - https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/de/deed.en

World History Encyclopedia

#ramessesii #ramessesthegreat #ancientegypt

Remove Ads
Subscribe to this author

About the Author

Kelly Macquire
Kelly is a graduate from Monash University who has completed her BA (Honours) in Ancient History and Archaeology, focussing on iconography and status in Pylos burials. She has a passion for mythology and the Aegean Bronze Age.

Cite This Work

APA Style

Macquire, K. (2022, June 14). Ramesses the Great, his Long Life and Rule of Ancient Egypt. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2786/ramesses-the-great-his-long-life-and-rule-of-ancie/

Chicago Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Ramesses the Great, his Long Life and Rule of Ancient Egypt." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified June 14, 2022. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2786/ramesses-the-great-his-long-life-and-rule-of-ancie/.

MLA Style

Macquire, Kelly. "Ramesses the Great, his Long Life and Rule of Ancient Egypt." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 14 Jun 2022. Web. 19 Jul 2024.