Queen Kubaba of Mesopotamia is known as the only queen who has been named on the Sumerian King List, which is unsurprisingly, a bit of a boy’s club. Kubaba is one of very few women who ruled Mesopotamia in her own right, and the surviving cuneiform texts which mention Kubaba, say that she ruled for 100 years, sometime around the 25th century BCE. Many versions of the king list have Kubaba on her own ruling in the 3rd dynasty of Kish, while others put her in the 4th dynasty during which both her son Puzur-Suen and her Grandson Ur-Zababa became kings. According to the king list, before becoming queen, Kubaba was a brewess, meaning she was a brewer of beer! Her epithet has been translated as "the woman tavern-keeper, who made firm the foundations of Kish."
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Macquire, K. (2021, June 08). Queen Kubaba of Mesopotamia: the Only Queen on the Sumerian King List. World History Encyclopedia. Retrieved from https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2569/queen-kubaba-of-mesopotamia-the-only-queen-on-the/
Macquire, Kelly. "Queen Kubaba of Mesopotamia: the Only Queen on the Sumerian King List." World History Encyclopedia. Last modified June 08, 2021. https://www.worldhistory.org/video/2569/queen-kubaba-of-mesopotamia-the-only-queen-on-the/.
Macquire, Kelly. "Queen Kubaba of Mesopotamia: the Only Queen on the Sumerian King List." World History Encyclopedia. World History Encyclopedia, 08 Jun 2021. Web. 18 Sep 2021.