Akkad and the Akkadian Empire


Akkad was the seat of the Akkadian Empire (2334-2218 BCE), the first multi-national political entity in the world, founded by Sargon the Great (r. 2334-2279 BCE) who unified Mesopotamia under his rule and set the model for later Mesopotamian kings to follow or attempt to surpass. The Akkadian Empire set a number of "firsts' which would later become standard.

More about: Akkad and the Akkadian Empire


  • 2334 BCE - 2279 BCE
    Sargon of Akkad (the Great) reigns over Mesopotamia and thus creates the world's first empire.
  • 2334 BCE - 2218 BCE
    The Akkadian Empire rules Sumer.
  • c. 2330 BCE
    Sargon of Akkad sacks Ur.
  • 2261 BCE - 2224 BCE
    Reign of Akkadian king Naram-Sin.
  • c. 2240 BCE
    Naram-Sin of Akkad campaigns against the Amorites in northern Syria.
  • c. 2220 BCE - c. 2150 BCE
    The Akkadian Empire dominates Mari with military governors called Shakkanakku serving as rulers.
  • 2218 BCE - 2047 BCE
    The Gutian Period in Sumer.
  • c. 2200 BCE
    The Hattic King Pamba repulses the campaigns of Sargon's grandson, the Akkadian King Naram-Suen.
  • 2193 BCE
    Gutian invasion destroys Akkadian empire.
  • c. 2150 BCE
    The Akkadian Empire falls, Mari gains independence.
  • c. 2083 BCE
    Fall of Akkad to the Gutians; the end of Akkadian Empire.
  • c. 2083 BCE - c. 2050 BCE
    The Dark Age of Mesopotamia.
  • c. 2055 BCE - 2047 BCE
    Utu Hegal's reign over Sumerian and Akkadian cities.