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Akkad and the Akkadian Empire
Definition by Joshua J. Mark

Akkad and the Akkadian Empire

Akkad was the seat of the Akkadian Empire (2334-2218 BCE), the first multi-national political entity in the world, founded by Sargon the Great (r. 2334-2279 BCE) who unified Mesopotamia under his rule and set the model for later Mesopotamian...
War, Strategy and Tactics in Ancient Mesopotamia
Collection by Jan van der Crabben

War, Strategy and Tactics in Ancient Mesopotamia

The ancient Mesopotamians pioneered many strategies, tactics and policies in warfare that would be used for thousands of years to come, some of which continue to this day. The Akkadian Empire was the first to build a standing army and the...
Akkadian Bronze Peg with Inscriptions
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Akkadian Bronze Peg with Inscriptions

This is the oldest inscribed object among the Sulaimaniya Museum's collections. The cuneiform inscriptions can be seen on the upper surface of the peg. 3rd millennium BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq).
Pottery Basin from Akkadian period
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Pottery Basin from Akkadian period

This large pottery basin was decorated with a human face and dates back to the Akkadian period, 2350-2156 BCE, Mesopotamia, Iraq. (The Sulaimaniya Museum, Iraq).
Letter from Ishkun-Dagan
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Letter from Ishkun-Dagan

The cuneiform inscriptions (in the old Akkadian language) on this clay tablet mention "Gutians" as invaders of the Akkadian Empire. The tablet was donated to the British Museum by Dr. N. Corkill in 1930 CE. The site and date of excavation...
Myth of Etana Cylinder Seal
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Myth of Etana Cylinder Seal

This calcite cylinder seal depicts the myth of Etana, the shepherd and the legendary king of Uruk, who was carried up to heaven by an eagle to obtain an heir. Etana's ascent is watched by the shepherd and his dog, with two markhor-type goats...
Anzu as a Captive Before Ea
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Anzu as a Captive Before Ea

This cylinder seal depicts a scene of Anzu and Ea. On the left, a bearded god wearing a horned headdress and a striped kilt holds a branch of vegetation in a cleft stick (or a plough) over his shoulder. Next to him, another and similarly...
Relief of King Ashurnasirpal II
Image by Wally Gobetz

Relief of King Ashurnasirpal II

Relief of King Ashurnasirpal II from the palace of Ashurnasirpal II, Kalhu (modern Nimrud, Iraq), c. 883–859 BCE. Brooklyn Museum, New York The text is in cuneiform script and in the Akkadian language. The text (known as the Standard Inscription...
A Cadastral Text from Sippar
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

A Cadastral Text from Sippar

Inscribed on this rounded terracotta tablet is a cadastral text which registers real estate at Sippar. It was written in Akkadian language. Old Babylonian era, 18th century BCE. From Sippar (modern Tell Abu Habbah, Babil Governorate, Iraq...
Goddess Bau from Ur
Image by Osama Shukir Muhammed Amin

Goddess Bau from Ur

Statue of a seated goddess, Bau (Nintinugga), from the Ningal Complex at the city of Ur, Iraq. Isin-Larsa period, c. 1800 BCE. Bau was the consort of the god Ninurta and the goddess of healing. On display the Iraq Museum in Baghdad, Republic...
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