Ptolemaic Dynasty Timeline

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  • c. 366 BCE - 282 BCE
    Life of Ptolemy I Soter.
  • 305 BCE - 285 BCE
    Reign of Ptolemy I in Egypt, who initiated the Great Library.
  • 305 BCE - 30 BCE
    The Ptolemaic Dynasty in Egypt.
  • 300 BCE
    Ptolemy I founds the Museum of Alexandria.
  • 282 BCE - 246 BCE
    Reign of Ptolemy II in Egypt, development of Library at Alexandria.
  • 247 BCE
    The Lighthouse of Alexandria (Pharos) is completed.
  • 246 BCE - 221 BCE
    Reign of Ptolemy III in Egypt.
  • 221 BCE - 205 BCE
    Reign of Ptolemy IV in Egypt.
  • 205 BCE - 180 BCE
    Reign of Ptolemy V in Egypt.
  • 180 BCE - 145 BCE
    Reign of Ptolemy VI in Egypt.
  • 116 BCE - 80 CE
    Reign of Ptolemy IX in Egypt.
  • 80 BCE - 51 BCE
    Reign of Ptolemy XII in Egypt.
  • c. 69 BCE - 12 Aug 30 BCE
    Life of Cleopatra VII of Egypt.
  • c. 62 BCE - 47 BCE
    Life of Ptolemy XIII Theos Philopater.
  • 51 BCE
    Death of Cleopatra's father, Ptolemy XII Auletes.
  • 51 BCE
    Cleopatra accepts her brother Ptolemy XIII as co-ruler.
  • 49 BCE
    Sole rule of Ptolemy XIII, recognized by both Gaius Julius Caesar, the Roman dictator, and his opponent, Pompey the Great.
  • 47 BCE
    Cleopatra VII is sole ruler of Egypt; she presents herself as the goddess Isis.
  • Jan 47 BCE
    Ptolemy XIII drowns in the Nile fleeing Caesar.
  • 40 BCE - c. 5 BCE
    Life of Cleopatra Selene II.
  • 10 BCE
    Ptolemy of Mauretania is born to Juba II and Cleopatra Selene II.
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