Plymouth Colony Timeline

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  • 1620 - 1621
    Half of the pilgrims die during the winter of 1620-1621 from disease, exposure, and malnutrition.
  • 11 Nov 1620
    The Mayflower lands in the region of modern-day Massachusetts, North America, bringing the pilgrims to the New World.
  • 11 Nov 1620
    The Mayflower Compact is signed by the pilgrims establishing democratic government of the Plymouth Colony.
  • 1621 - 1622
    The pilgrims establish the Plymouth Colony with the help of Native Americans who teach them how to survive and flourish.
  • 1622
    Captain Myles Standish disrupts relations with the Native Americans by executing two for no reason; trade relationships fall off.
  • 1628 - 1630
    Establishment of the Massachusetts Bay Colony led by Puritans seeking to evangelize the native population of North America.
  • 1675 - 1678
    King Philip's War in which thousands are killed as the Native Americans try to defend their land and way of life from increasing European colonization of the Americas.
  • c. 1678 - c. 1691
    Native Americans are sold into slavery or moved onto reservations as more European colonists arrive in North America.
  • 1691
    Plymouth Colony is absorbed into the Massachusetts Bay Colony under the latter's new charter.