Parthia (Empire) Timeline

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  • 247 BCE - 224 CE
    Empire of the Parthians.
  • 141 BCE
    Persis passes from Seleucid to Parthian domination.
  • 129 BCE
    Parthians conquer Mesopotamia. The Silk Road to China is now controlled by the Parthians.
  • 58 BCE - 57 BCE
    Ctesiphon becomes Parthian capital during the reign of Orodes II.
  • 53 BCE
    Battle of Carrhae. Crassus is captured and executed by the Parthians.
  • 19 BCE
    Arch of Augustus built in Rome to commemorate victory over the Parthians.
  • 52 CE
    Parthian king Vologases I invades Armenia.
  • 58 CE - 63 CE
    Roman-Parthian War.
  • 114 CE
    Roman emperor Trajan annexes Armenia and declares war on Parthia.
  • 161 CE - c. 166 CE
    Parthian Wars with Rome; Lucius Verus commands Rome's forces in the field.
  • 195 CE
    First Parthian war.
  • 197 CE - 198 CE
    Second Parthian war.
  • 203 CE
    The Arch of Septimius Severus is built in Rome's Forum Romanum to commemorate victories over the Parthians.
  • c. 211 CE
    Ardashir, king (malakh) of Persis, revolts against the Parthians and founds the Sasanian Empire.
  • 224 CE
    Sasanians overthrow the Parthians.