Maximilien Robespierre Timeline

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  • 6 May 1758
    Maximilien Robespierre is born in Arras, a small city in Artois, France.
  • 1769 - 1777
    Robespierre studies at the Louis-le-Grand college in Paris; during his studies, he is acquainted with the works of Rousseau.
  • 1781 - 1789
    Robespierre practices law in Arras, earning a reputation as a defender of the marginalized.
  • 4 May 1789
    Robespierre attends the opening of the Estates-General of 1789, which kicks off the French Revolution.
  • 31 Mar 1790
    Robespierre is first elected to the presidency of the Jacobin Club.
  • Jul 1791
    The Jacobin Club fractures; Robespierre begins lodging at the Duplay house.
  • 27 Jul 1793
    Maximilien Robespierre elected to the Committee of Public Safety; the National Convention institutes death penalty for hoarders of goods.
  • 8 Jun 1794
    Festival of the Supreme Being is held on the Champ de Mars.
  • 10 Jun 1794
    Law of 22 Prairial intensifies the Reign of Terror, accelerating the trial phase and leading to more executions.
  • 18 Jun 1794 - 25 Jul 1794
    For unknown reasons, Robespierre secludes himself from public life, giving his enemies time to gather.
  • 26 Jul 1794
    Maximilien Robespierre returns to the National Convention to defend himself from political attack, implicates numerous "traitors" within the Convention but refuses to name names.
  • 27 Jul 1794
    The National Convention orders the arrests of Robespierre, Saint-Just, Couthon, and others; they escape and take refuge in the Hôtel de Ville.
  • 27 Jul 1794
    Robespierre and his followers are denounced by the National Convention and declared to be outlaws.
  • 28 Jul 1794
    Execution of Robespierre, Saint-Just, and Couthon; end to the Terror, beginning of the Thermidorian Reaction.