Mamikonian Dynasty

Definition

The Mamikonians were a powerful clan group who were influential in Armenian political and military affairs from the 1st century BCE onwards. They rose to particular prominence from c. 428 CE to 652 CE in the half of Armenia ruled by the Sasanian Empire when marzpan viceroys represented the Persian king. One of the dynasty's most famous figures is Vardan Mamikonian who fell at the 451 CE Battle of Avarayr fought against Persia to defend Armenia's cultural and religious independence.

More about: Mamikonian Dynasty

Timeline

  • c. 387 CE
    Roman emperor Theodosius I and Shapur III of Persia agree to formally divide Armenia between the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire and the Sasanian Empire.
  • c. 410 CE - c. 490 CE
    Life of the Armenian historian Movses Khorenatsi.
  • c. 428 CE - 652 CE
    Persia rules one half of Armenia as the Marzpanate, that is with marzpan viceroys.
  • c. 439 CE
    Mamikonian prince Hamazasp marries Sahakanyush and so unifies the estates of the Mamikonians and descendants of Saint Gregory the Illuminator.
  • 451 CE
    Battle of Avarayr between Armenian forces and those of the Sasanian Empire.
  • 484 CE
    The Treaty of Nvarsak is signed between Persia and Armenia giving the latter a greater political autonomy and freedom of religious thought.
  • 485 CE
    Vahan Mamikonian is made marzpan of Armenia.
  • c. 554 CE
    The Council of Dvin declares the Armenian Church's adherence to the doctrine of monophysitism.
  • 627 CE
    Byzantine emperor Heraclius wins a crushing victory over the Persian army at Nineveh.
  • 640 CE - 650 CE
    The Rashidun Caliphate conquers Armenia.
  • 651 CE
    Arab Rashidun Caliphate conquers the Sasanian Empire.
  • 701 CE
    Armenia is formally annexed as a province of the Umayyad Caliphate.
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