Jean-Baptiste Jourdan

Server Costs Fundraiser 2024

Help our mission to provide free history education to the world! Please donate and contribute to covering our server costs in 2024. With your support, millions of people learn about history entirely for free every month.
$3810 / $18000


Jean-Baptiste Jourdan (1762-1833) was a French general who held significant commands in the French Revolutionary Wars (1792-1802) and the Napoleonic Wars (1803-1815). He won a major victory for the French Republic at the Battle of Fleurus in 1794 and was among the first 14 men to be appointed marshal of the empire by Napoleon I in 1804.

More about: Jean-Baptiste Jourdan


  • 29 Apr 1762 - 23 Nov 1833
    Life of Jean-Baptiste Jourdan, marshal of the French Empire.
  • 1778
    Jean-Baptiste Jourdan enlists in the French Royal Army at the age of 16, is deployed to the West Indies.
  • 9 Oct 1779
    Jean-Baptiste Jourdan sees combat during the failed French assault at the Siege of Savannah in the American War of Independence.
  • Jul 1791
    Jean-Baptiste Jourdan enlists in the French Revolutionary Army with the 2nd Haute-Vienne Volunteers, is elected chef de bataillon.
  • 27 May 1793
    Jean-Baptiste Jourdan is promoted to general of brigade.
  • 22 Sep 1793
    Jean-Baptiste Jourdan takes command of the Armée du Nord.
  • 15 Oct 1793 - 16 Oct 1793
    Battle of Wattignies results in victory for the French Republic over an Austrian army.
  • 24 Jun 1794
    The French are victorious at the Battle of Fleurus; their armies remain ascendent for the rest of the War of the First Coalition.
  • 3 Sep 1796
    Jean-Baptiste Jourdan is defeated at the Battle of Würzburg, leading to the failure of his Rhineland campaign.
  • 5 Sep 1798
    The 'Jourdan Law' is passed, ordering all French unmarried males between the ages of 20-25 be available for conscription.
  • May 1804
    Jourdan is among the first 14 men to be made marshals of the empire by Emperor Napoleon I.
  • 21 Jun 1813
    A French army under Joseph Bonaparte and Marshal Jourdan is defeated by Wellington's Allied army at the Battle of Vitoria.
  • 1819
    Jourdan is made a Peer of France by the restored Bourbon monarchy.